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IART 118

Final Exam

the Medici a single family that led Florence as the cultural center of the Renaissance
humanism the belief of the worth and dignity of the individual
Filippo Brunelleschi greatest architect of the Early Renaissance
linear perspective allows the picture plane to function as a window
Masaccio an early renaissance painter that carried the naturalist impulse
Botticelli unconcerned with the representation of deep space
Neoplatonism sought to revive Platonic ideals
High Renaissance focus shifted from Florence to Rome
Michaelangelo painter and sculptor. scultped neoplatonically and revealed the human ideal
Da Vinci a painter and sculptor. Epitome of the Renaissance
sfumato intentional supression of the outline of a figure in a haze
Raphael painter. everything measured and rendered in careful perspective. uses a competing focal point
Titian favored paintings with complex iconography. classified his paintings as poetry
mannerism manner of style. suggesting affection
Parmigianino painter that emphasized perfect figures that have become unreal.
Counter Reformation religious art should be directed toward clarity, realism and emotion
Caravaggio religious painter whose work established the major direction of painting in the Baroque arts
tenebroso light and dark contrast strongly. spotlight effect
Bernini sculptor and architect. fused classicim with drama and emotion
Poussin represents the classicizing and restrained tendency
Rubens painted that combined the styles of the North and South
French Academy defined absolute standards of the art of the period
Bach grand master of Baroque music for voices and instruments
fugue composed of three or four independent parts. one part states a theme that is imitated in succession
Enlightenment European emphasis on the minds power to reason
Jaques Louis David returned to the Poussin mode. liner representation
Neoclassical iconography, objective experience
licked surface brush strokes are virtually invisible
Romanticism countertendency to the neoclassical style.subjective experience
Delacroix painter. loose and physical painting style. explores the internal motions of the body
Realism photographic intensity or replication
Courbet refused to idealize working life. A realist
Modernism important idea of avant garde
Manet realist painter. painterly style
Bachanal classical iconography in which nymphs and satyrs frolic outdoors
Wagner musician. made it express a wide range of experience. Created musical drama.
Impressionism convey a sense of natural light. begins with white canvas
Monet Impressionist painter
Renoir Impressionist painter. painted outdoors. figures are not stiff
Debussy musician. mixed musical tones. suggestive harmonies
Post Impressionism an attempt to improve and extend impressionism. more personal interpretation and expression
Cezanne painter. created tension between the 3D subject and the 2D surface
Seurat painted more intellectually and scientifically
Pointillism mathematical application of paint to canvas
Van Gogh painter that contrasted Seurat
Cubism depiction of objects in reduced geometric form
German Expressionism liberation of color and celebration of sexuality
Abstraction based on the artist's conception of things
Matisse leader of the Fauves. used unnatural colors
Picasso painter. high degree of realism and abstraction. style is primitive
Kandinsky painter. goes for more of a feeling than meaning
Stravinsky most influential composer of modern era
The Rite of Spring most spectacular Stravinsky piece. Ballet score
Dada nonsense word. yes, yes to life. after the impact of war. anti art. embodied imagination and irrationality
Duchamp an important Dadaist.
Surrealism fascination with the realm of dreams
De Stijl represents an affirmative hopeful approach
Mondrian lead painter of De Stijl. nonobjective abstraction
Created by: cw203810