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assessment process of using student behavior and performance to make educational decisions
measurement the process of determining the ability or performance level of students
adaptive behavior the ability to adapt to the environment by developing independent social and behavior and by adjusting to changes in the enviroment
curriculum-based assessment an evaluation approach that measures performance based on progress in the curriculum rather than in relation to the scores on the test.
inclusion involves participation of children and youth with disabilities in the general classroom and in the general curriculum with the appropriate aids and services
mainstreaming refers to retaining students with disabilities in the "mainstream"of education rather than placing them in separate programs
family educational and privacy act ensures privacy and access rights for students and parents
individuals with disabilities education act requires permission for testing requires and IEP calls for participation in regular classroom
infants and toddlers program requires assessing family needs and developing and individual family service plan
screening identifying potential problems that may need assessing
determining eligibility to decide who qualifies for services
instructional intervention to obtain data for making instructional decisions
measuring progress to assess performance to see if the student is achieving IEP goals to monitor program effectiveness
child-study teams coordinate screening and other activities associated with identifying students with disabilities
screening instruments easy test that are judged by using techniques given individually or in a group
eligibility process determines the nature and severity of a learning problem and deciding eligibility for special education services
individual educational program (IEP) the document that guides the development and implementation of the instructional intervention program and process of measuring students progress
instructional intervention uses the curriculum based assessment that is a regular part of daily instruction
measuring progress involves ongoing evaluation and periodic measurement of overall performance
full inclusion attaining the greatest integration possible for all, even students with severe disabilities
team assessment a process that involves all teachers in the evaluation process
pass/fail grading involves establishing min criteria for receiving a passing grade
multiple grading allows teachers to assign grades in more than one area
competency based grading student is graded based on performance
contract grading have teacher and student sign a contract that describes the work a student will complete in a certain time
descriptive grading relies in the descriptive comments that a teacher makes of a students performance
level grading the teacher individualizes grading by the level of difficulty
mastery level/criterion grading relies in content or skills divided into specific components
shared grading two or more teachers to assign a grade
progressive improvement grading giving students feedback and instruction on tests and learning activities throughout the grading periods
ABC model A behavioral method through which to select interventions by analyzing events that occur antecedent to, concurrent with, or consequent to a target behavior.
ability grouping To place students with comparable achievement and skill levels in the same classes or courses; an approach often used in gifted education.
accommodation Service or support related to a student's disability that allows her or him to fully access a given subject matter and to accurately demonstrate knowledge without requiring a fundamental alteration to the assignment's or test's standard or expectation.
action plan Any of a number of methods to support the implementation of a comprehensive behavior management plan
annual goals Statements in a student's IEP that outline the major expectations for that student during the upcoming twelve months; must be objective and measurable.
annual review Required meeting of the IEP team, including parents and school professionals, to review the student's goals for the next year.
behavioral intervention plan (BIP) Strategies designed to address the function of a student's behavior as a means through which to alter it,requires a functional behavioral assessment and an associated plan that describes individually determined procedures for prevention and intervention
collaboration Any collective action in which two or more individuals work together towards a common goal of planning, implementing, or evaluating a specific aspect of an educational program for a student or group of students.
curriculum based assessment (CBA) A method of evaluating student performance by directly and frequently collecting data on their academic progress
curriculum based measurement (CBM) A type of progress monitoring conducted on a regular basis to assess student performance throughout an entire year's curriculum; teachers can use CBM to evaluate not only student progress but also the effectiveness of their instructional methods.
curriculum mapping A method used to gather information about what has been taught in a classroom over a specific period of time.
free appropriate public education (FAPE) A provision of IDEA ensuring that students with disabilities receive necessary education and services without cost to the child or family.
full inclusion The act of facilitating the full participation of an individual in an activity, lesson, or course of study
functional assessment Method used to determine special education eligibility, the nature of the needed instructional program, and long-term goals for individuals with severe disabilities; evaluations focus on independent living and are conducted in natural settings.
functional behavioral assessment A behavioral evaluation technique that determines the exact nature of problem behaviors, the reasons why they occur, and under what conditions the likelihood of their occurrence is reduced.
multidisciplinary team School psychologist, administrators, specialists, and parents or guardians who assess the individual needs of students to determine eligibility for special education and develop individualized education programs often called IEP teams
inclusion In education, a state of inclusivity in which all students are educated so as to reach their fullest potentials, regardless of ability or disability.
individualized transition plan (ITP) A statement, included in a high-school student's IEP, outlining the transition services required for coordination and delivery of services as the student nears adulthood
interdisciplinary team Group of professionals from different disciplines who work together to plan and manage a student's IEP.
least restrictive environment (LRE) One of the principles outlined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requiring that students with disabilities be educated with their non-disabled peers to the greatest appropriate extent.
modification Any of a wide variety of services or support related to a child's disability that help a student to access the subject matter and demonstrate knowledge; such services and supports fundamentally alter the standard or expectation of the assignment or test.
response to intervention (RTI) A multi-tiered method for delivering instruction to learners through increasingly intensive and individualized interventions.
standard deviation (SD) In connection with standardized assessments, a statistical measure that expresses the variability and the distribution from the mean of a set of scores.
Tier 1: class- or school-wide interventions (primary prevention) Program of reading instruction that includes all students, whether struggling in reading or not.
Tier 2 service provider Any individual who has been trained in the appropriate Tier 2 instruction: classroom teacher, reading specialist, special education teacher, supervised paraprofessional, tutor, or trained volunteer.
Tier 2: targeted interventions (secondary prevention) Program of reading instruction that offers more focused instruction than is usually offered in the typical classroom.
Tier 3: intensive, individualized interventions (tertiary preventions) Program of increasingly intensive, specialized services designed to help students to become successful readers.
wraparound service A service delivery model whereby all of the student's needs are met through the coordination of the education system, mental health agencies, social services, and community agencies.
year-end achievement test A test administered once a year, often near the end of school, that offers an indication of a student's overall progress for the year; an example of summative assessment, annual achievement tests focus on the outcomes of student learning.
zero reject The core principle of IDEA stating that no student with a disability, regardless of its nature or severity, can be denied an education.
Created by: jwalke6