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DGF Drawing Review

Drawing Vocabulary

The diminishing of color intensity and duller hues to give the illusion of distance. aerial perspective
In drawing and painting, a full-size preliminary drawing from which the final work is made. cartoon
Lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form such as shapes or wrinkles and folds. contour line
A principle of design that refers to differences between elements such as color, texture, value, and shape. contrast
In linear perspective, lines that represent the parallel edges of an object. converging lines
Shading created by crossed parallel lines. cross-hatching
The plan the artist uses to organize the art elements (line, shape, form, space, etc.) in a work of art to achieve a unified composition. design
An oval shape produced by drawing an elongated circle so that it appears to be viewed from an angle. A foreshortened circle that is longer in one dimension than it is in the other. ellipse
A horizontally drawn line that is even with the viewer's eye. In landscape scenes it can be the actual horizon line. eye level
The area of a picture that appears to be closest to the viewer. foreground
A method of applying perspective to an object or figure so that it seems to recede in space by shortening the depth dimension, making the form appear three-dimensional. foreshortening
A quick drawing that captures the gestures and movements of the body. gesture drawing
The treated surface on which a painting or drawing is made. ground
Shading using closely spaced, parallel lines; used to suggest light and shadow. hatching
The area on a form that reflects the most light. highlight
The line at which sky and earth meet. horizon line
Lines that are indicated indirectly in artworks at edges where two shapes meet, where a from ends and the space around it begins, or by positioning several objects or figures in a row. implied line
An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume. line
A technique of creating the illusion of depth on a flat surface. linear perspective
The materials, such as oil watercolor, etc., used to create an artwork; or a category of art such as drawing, painting, or sculpture. medium
The intermediate zone of space, between foreground and background, in a work. middle ground
An artwork made with more than one art medium. mixed media
A principle of design associated with rhythm, referring to the arrangement of parts in an artwork to create a sense of motion. movement
Drawing made from direct observation of a subject, rather than from memory. observational drawing
A way to show three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface, using one vanishing point. one-point perspective
Free forms, or shapes and forms that represent living things having irregular edges, as distinguished from geometric shapes. organic shapes
A technique used to create the illusion of depth by placing one object in front of another. overlapping
The representation of three-dimensional objects on a flat surface to produce the same impression of distance and relative size as that received by the human eye. perspective
The actual two-dimensional surface on which a drawing is made. picture plane
A collection of an artist's work. portfolio
In pictures, positive shapes are the figures and negative shapes make up the ground. positive and negative shapes
The use of the same visual elements over and over in a composition. repetition
The relative size or weight of an object compared to a constant size or weight. scale
Using art media to create darkened areas (shadows) that give the illusion of space and depth. shading
The act of taking an object's measure by sight to determine its size in a drawing, or to determine its size relative to another object. Also, the act of measuring angles. sighting
An element of art that indicates areas between, around, above, below, or within something. space
An arrangement of nonmoving objects that are subject matter for a work of art. still life
A technique that uses patterns of dots to create values and value gradation. stippling
An image that stands for something more than its own literal meaning. symbol
An element of design. The surface quality of an artwork usually perceived through the sense of touch. However, texture can also be implied, perceived visually though not felt through touch. texture
Having height, width and depth. three-dimensional
Small, quick sketches that record ideas an information for a final work of art. thumbnail sketches
In art, the lightness and darkness of a color. tone
Having height and width. two-dimensional
A way to show three-dimensional objects on a two dimensional surface, using two vanishing points and two sets of converging lines to represent forms. two-point perspective
The range from white through gray to black, modified gradually. value scale
In linear perspective, the point on the horizon line at which all the receding parallel lines converge. vanishing point
A device that works as a "window" through which subject matter is pictured. viewfinder
The quality of a three-dimensional object that occupies a certain amount of space. volume
A transparent layer of color applied to a surface allowing underlying lines, shapes, and colors to show through. wash
Created by: sfenske