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WCHS Zoology Chapter 8 Protozoan classification

Protozoan ClassSummary
Kingdom Protista Single-celled eukaryotes
Subkingdom animal-like protistans
Phylum Sarcomastigophora Protozoa that prossess flagella, pseudopodia, or both for locomotion and feeding; single type of nucleus. About 18,000 species
Subphylum Mastigophora One or more flagella for locomotion; autotropic, heteroropic, or saprozoic.
Class Phytomastigophorea Chloroplasts usually present; mainly autotrophic, some heterotrophic; Euglena, Volvox, Chlamydomonas
Class Zoomastigophorea lack chloroplasts; hertotrophic or saprozoic.Trypanosoma, trichonympha, trichomonas, giardia, leishmania
SubphylumSarcodina pseudopodia for movement and food gathering; naked or witrh shell or test; mostly free living
Superclass Rhizopoda Lobopodia, fliopodia, reticulopodia, or no distinct pseudopodia. Amoeba, entamoeba, naegleria, arcella, difflugia, foraminiferrans (gumbelina) about 4,000 species.
superclass Actinopoda spherical, planktonic; axopodia supported by microtubules; includes marine radiolarians with siliceous test and freshwater heliozoans (actinophrys; about 3,000 species.
Subphylum Opalinata Cylindrical; covered with cilia. Opalina, zelleriella
Phylum Labyrinthomorpha trophic stage as ectoplasmic network with spindle-shaped or spherical, nonamoeboid cells; saprozoic and parasitic on algae and seagrass; mostly marine and esturine. Labyrinthula
Phylum Apicomplexa Parasitic with an apical complex used for penetrating host cells; cilia and flagella lacking, except in cretain reproductive stages; the gregarines (monocystis), coccidians (emeria, isospora, sarcocystis, toxoplasma), plasmodium, about 5,500 species.
phylum Microspora Unicellular spores; intracellular parasites in nearly all major animal groups. the microsporeans (nosema) aobut 850 species.
Phylum Acetospora Multicelluar spore; all parasitic in invertebrates. the acetosporans (paramyxa, haplosporidium)
phylum myxozae spores of multicellular origin; all parasitic, the myxozoans (myxozoma) about 1,250 species.
Phylum Ciliophora Protozoa with simle or compound cilia at some stage ini the life history; heterotrophs with a well-developed cytostome and feedign organelles; at least one macronucleus and one micronucleus present. paramecium, stentor, euplotes, vorticella, balantidium,
Created by: dmoudy