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Speech Final

Interpersonal communication communication with others
Intrapersonal communication communication with self
Self aware Take worry out, Add flexibility, Recognize what your strengths and weaknesses are and have the ability to work with both, Be aware of how you work with others and yourself, Learn to turn weaknesses into strengths
self conscious keeps you overly aware of something to the point of distraciton, worry affects communication style
Channel – 5 senses sight, touch, taste, smell, hearing
External noise physical, physiological, psychological, semantic
Physical noise noise from the outside ex. People
Physiological noise something going on within your body that is keeping you from receiving the message ex. Hunger
Psychological noise preconceived ideas
Semantic words / meaning – not understanding what they mean
Functions of Communication Meets needs,social obligation ex going to things you don’t want to go to. Develop/ maintain relationships,Influence others – getting other people to stop thinking about themselves, Exchange info, Develop/maintain a sense of SELF!
Stages of senses 1. Stimulation 2. Organization 3. Interpretation / evaluation 4. Memory 5. Recall
Self concept Changes more often, Self talk
self esteem takes a long time to change
Self fulfilling prophesy - Something you are in control of - Can be neg / pos - Can be influenced by others
Looking glass self we get an idea about ourselves in the reflexion we see in others
Social comparison turn into motivation and we can size ourselves up by others
Halo and Horn effect - Halo effect – angels - Horn effect – demons / reverse halo
Powerful Talk - Stop using conditional terms - Appears more confident, perceived as more attractive … - Void of disclaimers - Don’t say I’m sorry
Occulesics eye behaviours ex. Pupil dilation
Haptics touch behaviors – touch deprivation / touch hunger
Importance of touch of touch as a baby causes issues in the future Lack of touch as an adult can cause immune function changes, ability to handle pain, bad mood
Kinesics body language
Artifacts our own possessions – living artifacts
Emblem a gesture – ex. Middle finger - Needs someone to understand them - Don’t need words - Need culture
Illustrators gesture - Use words - Emphasize or deemphasize what you say
Regulators gesture - Regulate communication, movements, and gestures
Adaptors – gesture - Can be learned, can be general rxns - Object, self, alter - Alter ex. – taking lint off someone’s shoulder
Chronemics how we react and manage time - Study of temporal communication - Punctual, how long things should last
Goal (of a speech and importance of) to have them stop focusing on themselves and to focus on you
Demographics likes, dislikes, age, gender, education, socioeconomic status, nationality, religion, political status, etc
Credibility (of speaker and information , believable, factual: source vs. self
Faulty listening behaviors - Pseudolistening - Stage hogging - Selective listening - Filling in the gaps - Assimilation to prior messages - Insulated listening – refuse to acknowledge message they don’t want to hear - Defensive listening - Ambushing - Insensitive listening
Attention getters -Ask questionS -Refer to audience members -Refer to recent happenings -Use humor -Stress importance of the topic -Use a presentation aid -Tell the audience to pay attention -Use a quotation -Cite a fact or statistic -Use an illustration or dramat
Audience analysis: - Demographics - Psychology of the audience – willingness, favorable, knowledgeable
Barriers to listening - Physical barriers - Mental distractions - Closed mindedness - Biases and prejucides - Rehearsing responses - Dismissing the speaker - Focusing on irrelevancies - Excessive self – focus - Faulty assumptions -Drawing too-early conclusions or ju
Connotation the emotional meaning that specific speakers – listeners give to a word
Credibility the degree to which a speaker is perceived to be believable: competence, character, and charisma (dynamism) are its major dimensions
Critical listening helps you analyze and evaluate messages -Keep an open mind -Avoid filtering out or oversimplifying difficult or complex messages -Recognize your own biases -Avoid uncritical listening when needing to make evaluations and judgments -Recognize fallacies
Euphamism make the negative and unpleasant appear positive and appealing
Jargon specialized language of a professional class
DecodeEncode the process of extracting a message from a code – for ex. Translating speech sounds into nerve impulses
Encode the process of putting a message into a code ex. Translating nerve impulses into speech sounds
Denotation the meaning you’d find in a dictionary; the meaning that members of a culture assign to a word
Confidence – a quality of interpersonal effectiveness; a comfortable at ease feeling in interpersonal communication situations
Feedback info given back to the source
Impromptu speaking without any specific preparation
Paralanguage the vocal but nonverbal dimension of speech
Olfactics – smell communication – communicates - attraction messages - Taste messages - Memory messages - Identification messages
Perception – your way of understanding the world; the process by which you make sense out of what is all around you
Paraphrase – stating in your own words what you think the speaker means and feels
Pupil dilation dilated pupils are seen to be more attractive in women; it reveals your level of interest and level of emotional arrousal
Created by: audrey90