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8th Grade Botany

Final Exam Vocabulary

plants that have the ability to make their own food Autotroph
non-vascular plants Bryophyte
plants that lack the ability to make their own food Heterotroph
vascular plants Tracheophyte
organisms with a network of veins to transport food/water and nutrients around Vascular
scientific process of classifying Taxonomy
when two or more independent organisms live together and each benefit from the other Symbiosis
vascular, flower making plants; means seed container Angiosperm
vascular, non-flowering plants; means uncovered seed Gymnosperm
the sprouting of an embryo out of a seed Germination
a period when the growth and activity of an organism stops Dormant
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures to the female reproductive structures in plants Pollination
the joining of a sperm cell and egg cell Fertilization
the growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus Tropism
a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to react Stimulus
the process plants use to make food for themselves Photosynthesis
the green pigment found in all green plants; needed to conduct photosynthesis Chlorophyll
the process by which water is released from plants into the air Transpiration
is made up of one thick main root growing downward Taproot system
is made up of a series of roots growing in many different directions. This system is usually wider than it is deep. Fibrous root system
stalk of the anther Filament
the swollen base of the pistil Ovary
the colorful part of a flower Petal
sticky top of a flower Stigma
all the female parts grouped together; sometimes called Carpel Pistil
connects the stigma and ovary Style
all the male plant structures of the flower grouped together Stamen
part of the stamen that produces pollen Anther
male reproductive cell of a plant (sperm) Pollen Grain
movement of pollen from the anther of a plant to the pistil of a different plant Cross pollination
movement of pollen from the anther of a plant to the pistil of the same plant Self pollination
a tiny, non-living particle that enters and reproduces inside a living cell Virus
a virus that infects bacteria. Actually means "bacteria eater". Bacteriophage
organism that has been infected by a virus/bacteria and is used as a source of energy Host
organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the host Parasite
organism whose cells contain a nucleus Eukaryote
organism whose cells lack a nucleus Prokaryote
the basic unit of structure and function in an organism Cell
a rigid structure that protects the cell Cell Wall
semi-permeable structure that controls which materials pass into and out of the cell Cell Membrane
the region inside the cell membrane containing a gel-like material Cytoplasm
a plant structure in which photosynthesis occurs Chloroplast
dense area of the cell that contains the chemical instructions that direct the cell's activities Nucleus
chemical factory within the cytoplasm where proteins are produced Ribosomes
long whip shaped structure that helps a cell move by spinning in place like a propeller Flagellum
the structure in which the cell components are housed Capsule
Created by: LiseBrinkley