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Pharm Bingo Week 1

week 1 bingo definitions

the lowest concentration of drug reached in the body after it falls from its peak level, usually measured in a blood sample for therapeutic drug monitoring Trough level
reduced response to a drug after prolonged use tolerance
the ratio between the toxic and therapeutic concentrations of a drug theraputic index
the physiologic state in which the amount of drug removed via elimination is equal to the amount of drug absorbed with each dose steady state
an inactive drug dosage form that is converted to an active metabolite by various biochemical reactions once it is inside the body prodrug
the rate of drug distribution among various body compartments after a drug has entered the body. It includes the phases of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs pharmacokinetics
the study of drugs that are obtained from natural plant and animal sources pharmacognosy
maximum concentration of a drug in the body after administration, usually measured in a blood sample for therapeutic drug monitoring peak level
an abnormal and unexpected response to a medication, other than an allergic reaction, that is peculiar to an individual patient idiosyncratic reaction
in pharmacokinetics, the time required for half of an administered dose of drug to be eliminated by the body, or the time it takes for the blood level of a drug to be reduced by 50% half-life
the name given to a drug by the US adopted names council. Also called the nonproprietary name. The generic name is such shorter and simpler than the chemical name and is not protected by trademark. generic name
the initial metabolism in the liver of a drug absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract before the drug reaches systemic circulation through the bloodstream first-pass effect
the general name for a large class of enzymes that play a significant role in drug metabolism cytochrome p450
any condition, especially one related to a disease state or other patient characteristic, including current or recent drug therapy, the renders a particular form of treatment improper or undesirable contraindiction
a drug that binds to and inhibits the activity of one or more receptors in the body. Antagonists are also called inhibitors antagonist
an immunologic hypersensitivity reaction resulting from the unusual sensitivity of a patient to a particular medication; a type of adverse drug even allergic reaction
drug that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or more receptors in the body agonist
a general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct response to one or more drugs adverse effects
the use of many different drugs concurrently in treating a patient, who often has serveral health problems polypharmacy
an act that protects health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change jobs. It also protects patient information. If confidentiality of a patient is breached, severe fines may be imposed. HIPPA ACT
a scientific project of the U.S Department of Energy and National Institutes of Health to describe in detail the entire genome of a human being human Genome Project
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two or more drugs with similar actions is equivalent to the sum of the individual effects of the same drugs given alone. additive effects
the commercial name given to a drug product by its manufacturer; also called the proprietary name trade name
another name for prescription drugs legend drug
Created by: 630397097