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Blood Vessels and Lymph

What carries blood away from the heart and toward the tissue, have thick walls, contain three layers, and carry blood under high pressure arteries
Small subdivisions of the arteries that carry blood into the capillaries are called arterioles
Tiny, thin-walled vessels only one cell thick, that allow for exchange between the blood and the body cells, and blood and the air in the lung tissue That connect the arterioles and venules is known as capillaries
The small vessels that recive blood from the capillaries and begin its transport back toward the heart are called venules
The vessels formed by the merger of venules that continue the transport of blood until it is retruned to the heart are called veins
What section of the aorta lies just anterioe to the spine, posterior to the heart, in the space behind the pleura thoracic aorta
What section of the aorta is near the heart and inside the pericardial sac ascending aorta
What section of the aorta is the longest tha spans the trunk of the body abdominal aorta
What section of the aorta curves from right to left and extends posterior to the heart aortic arch
What contraction compresses the vein and squeezes blood forward back to the heart cintraction of skeletal muscles
This in a vein prevents back flow and keeps blood flowing toward the heart valves
The pressure changes in the abdominal and thoracic cavities in this creates a push and pull action that help send the blood through the cavities and return it to the heart breathing
Name the blood circiut in which gas exchange takes place in the capillaries of the lungs, the arteries in the circuit carry blood low in oxygen, and the veins carry blood left atrium of the heart to the lungs pulmonary circulation
Name the blood circiut in which the aorta and its branches carry blood to the tissue, the blood flows from the superior and inferior vena cava into the right atrium, and the veins carry blood from the body back towards the heart systemic circulation
When the aorta reaches the lower trunk it divides into the left and right common iliac arteries
The iliac artery becomes this artery in the thigh femoral artery
The artery behind the knee that subdivides below the knee is the popliteal artery
In the lower leg this artery divides into the poaterior and anterior tibial artery
The artery that branches off of the aortic arch and goes to the shoulder is the subclavian artery
The arteries that go up the head and allow you to feel your pulse in your throat area are the internal and external coratid arteries
The artery of the upper arm starting near the armpit is the axillary artery
The artery on the thumb-side of the forearm and wrist is the radial artery
The two veins on each side of the neck that drain blood from the head, face, and neck are the jugular veins
The single vein that drains the veins of the chest wall and empties into the superior vena cava is the azygos vein
The veins of the inner leg, the longest veins of the body are the saphenous veins
The vein below the diaphragm that does not empty into the vena cava, but instead circulats nutrient-rich blood to the liver is called the hepatic portal vein
The median cubital, cephalic, and the basilic veins are the three main veins of the forearm
The top number of blood pressure that occurs when the heart muscles contracted is called systolic pressure
Name the pressure that occurs when the heart muscles are relaxing diastolic pressure
The force exerted by the blood against the walls of the vessels is called blood pressure
When blood pressure is higher then normal and can cause kidney disease, aneurysms, enlarged heart, and atherosclerosis is known as hypertension
Name the disorder that causes a bulging sac in the wall of a blood vessel due to localized weakness aneurysm
The hardening of the arteries due to loss of elasticity is a disorder known as arteriosclerosis
Name the disorder of high blood pressure with no apparent medical cause essential hypertension
Plaque buildup in the arteries is a disorder known as atherosclerosis
Piece of a blood clot that moves through the blood stream is a disorder known as embolus
A profuse escape of blood either internal or external is known as hemorrhage
Swollen distorted veins are called varicose veins
A blood clot in a blood vessel is called thrombosis
What is possible if there is reduced oxygen in the blood or reduced blood flow to the brain fainting
Fluid balance, protection from infection, and absorption of fat are all functions of the lymph nodes
The function of this organ is cleaning of blood impurities, destroys old worn out red blood cells, produce red blood cells before birth, and resevoir of blood in case of hemorrhage or other emergencys spleen
The tube attached to the intestine that may have a role in development of immunity is called the appendix
The clusters of tissue in mucous membranes of intestines that serves as the first barrier against invaders is called peyer patches
The gland located in the chest behind the sternum that has a role in immune system development and T cell maturation is known as the thymus
Masses in the throat containing deep grooves lined with lymphatic nodules in which lymphocytes attack pathogens that are inhaled and trapped in the grooves are known as tonsils
Name the malignant disorder of the lymph system that spreads to other tissues like the liver non-hodgkin lymphoma
Name the general term for a disease of the lymph nodes causing enlargement lymphadinopathy
Name the malignant disease of the lymph nodes diagnosed by the presence of reed-sternberg cells in a biopsy hodgkin disease
The enlargement of the spleen that accompanies certain acute infractions is known as splenomegaly
Swelling due to obstruction of lymph flow is called lymphedema
A great enlargement of the lower extremities resulting from lymphatic vessel blockage by small worms is a disorder known as elephantiatisis
An acute infection which is a marked enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes is called infectious mononucleosis
An inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, usually near an infected and neglected injury, and causes red streaks along the extremitys is called lymphangitis
Created by: maryce