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Is the disease viral, bacterial, fungal, worm or protozoan? fungal
What is the genus species name of the causative agent? cryptococcus neoformans
How is it transmitted? How does a person get the infection? prevalent in urban areas where pigeons poop; particles scatter into air and soil; primary portal of entry is respiratory
What are the general signs and symptoms of an infected person? What body systems/organs are involved? pulmonary crypt: fever, cough, nodules in lungs; if spreads to brain and meninges, tumor-like masses form causing headache, mental changes, coma, paralysis, eye disturbance, and seizures; can spread to skin, bones are viscera
Are there any toxins or factors that increase the virulence of the pathogen? HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes patients, and patients on steroid treatments
How is the agent commonly identified? How is confirmation of agent made? neg staining to detect encapsulated budding yeast cells; neg nitrate assimilation, pigmentation on birdseed agar, fluorescent antibody tests; serological tests, DNA probes
How does each bacterial pathogen stain for gram, endospore, capsule, acid fast? What shape does each bacteria have? encapsulated
Which viruses are DNA or RNA viruses? Which are enveloped or non-enveloped? n/a
Are there any special (classic) signs or symptoms that characterize the disease/infection? No
Is there a treatment or cure available? What are the most common antibiotics given? amphotericin B and fluconazole for a period of weeks to months
Is there a vaccine available? No
How can transmission be prevented? Stay away from pigeons if you have AIDS
Created by: 1005641882