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Common Schools

WGU Foundations of Teaching

TermsDefinitions, etc.
Common School Movement - History Industrialization, immigration, and westward expansion lead to many social problems. Solution? An educated, moral citizenry that could participate in democratic decision-making and contribute to the nation's economy.
Common School Movement - Contributions to Education Taxes to support public schools, increase in attendance of under-represented groups, created state education departments and appointing of state superintendents
New Harmony, IN Communistic colony that gained prominence as a cultural/scientific center. Nation's first kindergarten, FREE public library, and school with equal education for boys and girls were established here.
Compulsory Education Act of 1852 (Mass.) mandatory school attendance for children, ages 8 - 14 years, for at least 3 months each year (with 6 weeks having to be consecutive).
Kalamazoo Case - 1875 Court upheld Michigan school officials' attempts to collect public funds for the support of a village high school to provide a secondary education for all males = set precedent for public funding of high schools.
National Teachers' Association Established in 1857 By 43 male educators in Philadelphia to "elevate the character and advance the interest of the teaching profession" AND to promote the cause of a "popular education". Forerunner of the NEA (National Education Association).
English Grammar (Classical) School Established in 1821 a free secondary school meant to meet the needs of boys not planning on attending college = forerunner of the comprehensive high school.
Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution States may not deprive a person of life, liberty, or property, without due process under the law. Basis for equal protection.
Jim Crow Laws State/Local laws enacted in the Southern and border states after the Civil War, and enforced between 1876 and 1965, mandating "separate but equal" status for Blacks.
Chautauqua (NY) Institute - 1874 Began as a training for Methodist Sunday-School teachers; gradually broadened in scope to include general education and popular entertainment.
Created by: gdglgrl