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Ancient Greek-BR

QuestionAnswer
Minoans ancient civilization of the island of Crete
democracy a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people
assassinate to kill politically
barbarian a person in a savage, primitive state; uncivilized person.
Olympic of or pertaining to Olympia, in Greece
Corinthian of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Corinth
tragety conflict with some overpowering force, as fate or society, to downfall or destruction.
epic noting or pertaining to a long poetic composition, usually centered upon a hero, in which a series of great achievements
phalanx a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files
Salamis an ancient city on Cyprus
Persia an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia
plague desiese that causes high mortality
Xenophobia an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange
monarchy a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch
aristocracy a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privileges, especially the hereditary nobility.
Myceneans of or pertaining to the ancient city of Mycenae
Peloponnese peninsula forming the S part of Greece
titans any of the sons of Uranus and Gaea, including Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Oceanus.
Parthenon the temple of Athena Parthenos
Iliad Greek epic poem describing the siege of Troy, ascribed to Homer.
Socrates Athenian philosopher
Xerxes king of Persia 486?–465
Agamemnon a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus.
Priam king of Troy, the son of Laomedon, husband of Hecuba, and father of Paris, Cassandra, Hector, Polyxena, and many others. He was killed during the capture of Troy.
drama a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, especially one intended to be acted on the stage; a play.
Macedonia kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula,
Percicles thenian statesman and leader of the popular party,
Archimedes Greek mathematician, physicist, and inventor: discovered the principles of specific gravity
immortal not mortal; not liable or subject to death
odyssey an epic poem attributed to Homer, describing Odysseus's adventures
Hellenistic pertaining to Hellenists
Troy a city located on the coast of Asia Minor
Athens city in and the capital of Greece, in the SE part. 885,136.
Doric of or pertaining to Doris
agora the chief marketplace of Athens, center of the city's civic life.
Homer Greek epic poet; author of the Iliad and Odyssey.
Plato 427–347 b.c., Greek philosopher
Darius king of Persia 424–404 son of Artaxerxes I.
Menelaus a king of Sparta, the husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon, to whom he appealed for an army against Troy in order to recover Helen from her abductor, Paris.
city-state a state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies.
amphitheater an oval or round building with tiers of seats around a central open area, as those used in ancient Rome for gladiatorial contests.
Alexander king of Macedonia 336–323: conqueror of Greek city-states and of the Persian empire from Asia Minor and Egypt to India
columns a rigid, relatively slender, upright support, composed of relatively few pieces.
Knossos a ruined city on N central Crete; capital of the ancient Minoan civilization.
tribute a gift, testimonial, compliment, or the like, given as due or in acknowledgment of gratitude or esteem.
tyranny the government or rule of a tyrant or absolute ruler.
acropolis the citadel of Athens and the site of the Parthenon.
Sparta an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers.
Marathon a foot race over a course measuring 26 mi. 385 yards
Ionian of or pertaining to the branch of the Greek people named from ion, their legendary founder.
diffusion prolixity of speech or writing; discursiveness.
Aristotle Greek philosopher: pupil of Plato; tutor of Alexander the Great
helots a member of the lowest class in ancient Laconia, constituting a body of serfs who were bound to the land and were owned by the state.
Hector the eldest son of Priam and husband of Andromache: the greatest Trojan hero in the Trojan War, killed by Achilles.
Philip a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “lover of horses.”
Thermopylae a pass in E Greece, between the cliffs of Mt. Oeta and the Gulf of Lamia: Persian defeat of the Spartans 480 b.c
blockade the isolating, closing off, or surrounding of a place, as a port, harbor, or city, by hostile ships or troops to prevent entrance or exit.
peninsula an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland.
philosopher person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics, metaphysics, logic, and other related fields.
trieme a galley with three rows or tiers of oars on each side, one above another, used chiefly as a warship.
hoplites heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece
Euclid flourished c300 b.c., Greek geometrician and educator at Alexandria.
Achilles the greatest Greek warrior in the Trojan War and hero of Homer's Iliad. He killed Hector and was killed when Paris wounded him in the heel, his one vulnerable spot, with an arrow.
Created by: Brennan Reeves Brennan Reeves on 2012-04-04



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