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Ch. 5 Science

Epidermis the thin outer layer of cells
Xylem moves water and minerals to other parts of the plant
Phloem carries sugars made in the leaves throughout the plant
Stoma small holes that water and gases pass in and out of the plant through
Gurard Cells work together to open and close a leaf's stoma
Transpiration loss of water from the leaf
What is an example of a taproot that stores extra food made by the plant? Carrot
What is 1 larger root in a plant that has many roots growing out from it called? Taproot
Carrots are roots that do what? Store Water
Describe 2 functions of stems in flowering plants. Stems provide support for the plant as it grows. The stems also have xylem and phleom, which move water, minerals, and glucose throughout the plant.
Plants with stems that are green and easy to bend are what? Herbaceous plants
Photosynthesis process through which plants make glucose
Cellular respiration process by which cells break down glucose with the release of energy
During photosynthesis plants use light energy from the sun and what else? carbon dioxide from the air, and water to make glucose and oxygen
waxy layer that may cover a leaf and slow water process Cuticle
What releases energy and is called the powerhouse of a cell? Mitochondrion
Tropism plant behavior caused by growth toward or away from something in the environment
What are seed plants that produce flowers called? Angiosperms
Most seeds develop into what? a fruit
After fertilization, the female cone closes up and what grows within it? Seeds
Plant behaviors can result from_____ the plants make. chemicals
Compare and Contrast a spore and a seed. Spores contain a single cell that grows into a new plant and a seed contains a multicellular embryo that develops into a new plant.
Created by: rtwehues