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8th Grade Botany

Final Review

1. Why do scientists use Latin to name living things? p.3 So that all scientists can say it the same way. Latin never changes.
2. What is a vascular plant? p.8 A plant with tubes that carry liquid inside.
3. What is a nonvascular plant? p.10 A plant that does not have tubes inside.
4. What is the purpose of a flower? p.12 To produce seeds.
5. What is inside a seed? p.21 A baby plant.
6. What does it mean when a plant is germinating? p.26 The plant is growing.
7. What is a producer? p.28 A plant that makes its own food.
8. What is a consumer? p.28 Living things that consume other parts of God's creation to live.
9. What is the sepal of a flower? p.38 The green leaf-like points under the petals.
10. What is the corolla of a flower? p.38 All of the petals together.
11. What is the stigma of a flower? p.40 The sticky head at the top of the style.
12. What do the anthers that are on little stalks inside the flower do? p.39 They produce pollen.
13. What are carnivorous plants? p.43 Plants that eat meat.
14. Name one carnivorous plant. (Bonus: name additional carnivorous plants) p.43 Venus fly trap, bladderwort, pitcher plant, sundews
15. Why does a flower need to be pollinated? p.40 To make seeds.
16. What is self-pollination? p.49 When the pollen from the stamen goes to the carpel on the same flower.
17. What is wind pollination? p.49 When the wind blows the pollen from one flower to the carpel on another flower.
18. What animals pollinate plants? p.50 Bees, birds, bats, and butterflies.
19. What is the main purpose of a fruit? p.67 To protect the seeds.
20. What is a vegetable? p.72 Any edible part of a plant that doesn't have seeds.
21. What is seed dispersal? p.73 The process of getting the seed from the parent plant to a new location.
22. Explain how water dispersal might work. p.74 Seeds can float in the water to a new location.
23. What is mechanical dispersal? p.76 When the plant shoots out the seeds.
24. What is human dispersal? p.73 When we plant seeds.
25. Name one animal that helps disperse seeds. p.78 A dog.
26. How does it do this? p.78 A dog picks up burrs with its hair by accident and drops them somewhere else.
27. Name another animal that helps disperse seeds. p.78 A bird.
28. How does it do this? p.78 A bird can carry a seed off and drop it somewhere else.
29. Name a third animal that helps disperse seeds. p.78 A squirrel.
30. How does it do this? p.78 A squirrel will take a seed and bury it somewhere else.
31. Why are leaves important to a plant? p. Leaves have holes so it can breathe.
32. What are stomata? p.
33. What is photosynthesis? p.
34. What does a plant need in order to make food? p.
35. What is chlorophyll? p.
36. Which tree makes the sap that we use to make pancake syrup? p.90 Maple tree
37. What is geotropism? p.111 Roots are always turning toward the earth.
38. Why do plants sometimes experience transplant shock when they are dug up and replanted? p.
39. Why do trees or plants sometimes grow in strange distorted shapes? What are they seeking when growing like that? p.
40. Why are trees important for people and animals? p.124 Trees provide shelter, shade, beauty, food, healthy air, and firewood.
41. Why is it harmful to remove the bark from a tree? p.131 The bark provides protection for the tree.
42. Where is the largest tree in the world found? p.135 The Pacific Northwest of the United States.
43. What is it called? p.135 Giant sequoia
44. Where is the oldest tree found? p.136 California
45. What is it called? p.136 Methuselah
46. What do conifers make to house their seeds? p.139 pine cones
47. What do ferns make in order to reproduce? p.145 sporangia
48. What are fiddleheads? p.148 immature ferns
49. How are spores different from seeds? p.
50. Name the three types of nonvascular plants that you studied. p.152 moss, lichen, liverworts
Created by: LiseBrinkley