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What bone makes up almost all of the skeleton of the arms and legs long bone
What are the two irregular ends of the long bone, proximal and distal epiphysis epiphysis
What part of the long bone is the long narrow shaft diaphysis
The center of the diaphysis that contains bone marrow is called medullary cavity
Osseous tissue pretains to two types of bone tissue
What tissue is hard and dense, and makes up the main shaft of the long bone and the outer layer of other bones compact bone
The tissue also konwn as spongy bone, is made of a meshwork of small, bony plates filled with red marrow cancellous bone
Where is the spongy bone located epiphyses
Which of the two marrows manufactures blood cells red marrow
This marrow is located at the end of the long bone and at the center of other bones red
Which of the two marrows is composed largely of fat yellow marrow
What marrow is located in the central cavities of the long bones yellow
The membrane thats inner layer contains cells that are essential in bone formation and covers the outside of the bone is called periosteum
The thinner membrane that lines the bone marrow (medullary) cavity is called endosteum
What is the conversion of cartilage to bone called ossification
A fibrous protine that gives the tissue stringth and resilience is collagen
What is the name of the bone building cells that become active during the second and third month of embryonic life osteoblasts
The material located between the osteoblast cells is called the matrix
What cells are still living and continue to maintain the existing matrix, but do not produce new bone tissue osteocytes
The break down of bone tissue is called resorption
This type of cell is developed of white blood cells that are large multinucleated, that is resonsible for the process of resorption osteoclasts
In the long bone the transformation of cartilage into bone during fetal development begins at the center of the shaft
The secondary bone forming centers that develop across the ends of the bones is called epiphyseal plates
The long bones continue to grow in length of epiphyseal plates by calcifocation of new cartilage through childhood and into the late teens
Finally the bones stop growing in length by late teens or early 20s
Each epiphyseal plate hardens and can be seen in x-ray films as a thin line across the end of the bone, this is called the epiphyseal line
What projection is rounded, knoblike end separated from the rest of the bone by a slinder reagion, the neck is the head
What is a large projection of a bone, such as the superior part of the ulna in the forearm that creates the elbow is process
A rounded projection is condyle
A small projection above the condyle is an epicondyle
What projection has a distinct border or ridge, often rough, such as over the top of the hip bone is a crest
A sharp projection from the surface of a bone, such as the spine of the scapula (shoulder blade) is the spine
A hole that allows a vessel or a nerve to pass through or between bone is called foramen
An air space found in some skull bones is known as sinus
A depression on a bone surface is a fossa
A short channel or passageway that leads to the inner ear is called the meatus
What skeleton consist of 80 bones and includes the bony framework fo the head and the trunk axial skeleton
What skeleton consists of 126 bones and forms the framework for the extremities and for the shoulders and hips appendicular skeleton
The suture that joins the frontal bone with two parietal bones along the coronal plane is the coronal
The suture that joins the temporal bone to the parietal bone on the craniums lateral surface is the squamous
The suture that joins the occipital bone with the parietal bone in the posterior cranium is the lambdoid
The suture that joins the two parietal bones along the superior midline of the cranium along the sagittal plane is the sagittal
The flexible regions that allow the skull to compress and change shape during birth and allow for rapid brain growth during infancy is known as fontanels or soft spots
This fontanel usually does not close until the child is about 18 months old anterior
What are the flat, immovable joints that unite the skull bones called sutures
The first vertebrae that supports the head is the atlas
The second cervical vertebrae serves as a pivot when the head is turning from side to side is the axis
Name the first normal curve cervical
Name the second normal curve thoracic
Name the third normal curve lumbar
Name the fourth normal curve sacral
What is the purpose of the four curves of the spine to provide some of the resilience and spring so essential in balance and movement
What is the first seven pair of ribs that are attached to the sternum by costal cartilage true ribs
What is the five pair of ribs that are attached to cartilage of the rib above false ribs
What are the two pair of ribs that have no anterior attachment at all floating ribs
What is the term for individual extensions costal cartilage
What is the medical term for the shoulder blade scapula
What is the medical term for the upper arm humerus
What is the medical term for the collarbone clavicle
What is the medical term for the bone on the thumb side of the forearm radius
What is the medical term for the bone on the little finger side of the forearm ulna
What is the process that forms the point of the elbow olecranon
The bones of the wrist are the carpal bones
The bones of the palm are the metacarpal bones
The bones of the fingers are the phalanges
What gender has a lighter weight pelvis female
A females pelvic opening is wider and more rounded
What part of the pelvis is wider and more flared in a female ilia
In a female the pubic arch and what between the pubic bones is wider anterior angle
What is shorter and less curve on a female pelvis coccyx and sacrum
In a females pelvis the lower duameter,the pelvic outlet is larger
What is the medical term for the hip bone(all three together os coxae
What is the medical term for the posterior bone of the hip ilium
What is the medical term for the anterior bone of the hip ischium
What is the anterior connection of the two hip bones symphysis pubis
What is the medical term for the deep socket that holds the head of the femur acetabulum
What is the medical term for the thigh bone femur
What is the medical term for the kneecap patella
What is the meical term for the shin bone tibia
Medical term for the outer bone of the lower leg fibula
Medical term for the inner and outer ankle bone medial and lateral malleolus
Medical term for the heelbone calcaneus
Medical term for the bones of the arch of the foot tarsals
Medical term for the bones in the ball of the foot metatarsal
Medical term for the bones in the toes phalanges
What disorderis a lack of normal bone formation or excess loss of bone tissue metabolic disorder
What joint is unmovable and held together by fibrous tissue like a suture fibrous
What joint connect to the bone with cartilage and is slightly movable cartilaginous
What joint has pontential space between the bone and contains a small amount of thick colorless fluid and freely moves synovial
What joint disorder is a derangement of the joint parts dislocation
What joint disorder is the wrenching of a joint with rupture or tearing of the ligament sprain
What joint disorder has the central mass protruds through a weakend outer cartilaginous ring into the spinal canal also known as slipped disk herniated disk
What disorder usually occurs in elderly people as a result of normal wear and tear osteoarthritis
What disorder is a crippling coondition characterized by joint swelling in the hands, feet, and elswhere as a result of inflammation and overgrowth of the synovial membranes and other joint tissue rheumatoid arthritis
What disorder arises when bacteria spread to involve joint tissue, usually by way of the bloodstreem septic arthritis
What arthritis is an over production of uric acid or not enough that forms crystals that are diposited as masses around a joint and other areas gout
Created by: maryce