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AMS SOL 6.2 part 2

QuestionAnswer
generator a piece of equipment used at power plants to convert mechanical energy to electricity
renewable energy will not run out or can be replaced in a short amount of time
nonrenewable energy cannot be replaced and may run out
fossil fuels coal, oil, and natural gas which contain chemical energy
advantages of fossil fuels inexpensive, well understood, can be built anywhere
disadvantages of fossil fuels causes air pollution from too much Carbon Dioxide
effects of air pollution smog, breathing problems, global warming, acid rain
nuclear power using the energy stored in the nucleus of atoms to generate electricity
Uranium an element that is used as a fuel at nuclear power plants
fission splitting atoms
radioactive waste causes serious harm to humans and animals including cancer, birth defects, and death
advantages of nuclear does not create air pollution and is very efficient
disadvantages of nuclear radioactive waste and the possibility of an explosion
hydroelectric power using the mechanical energy of moving water to generate electricity
advantages of hydroelectric clean and inexpensive once built
disadvantages of hydroelectric flooding, blocks fish, and is not available everywhere
wind turbine uses the mechanical energy of wind to generate electricity
advantages of wind power clean and renewable
disadvantages of wind power turbines are expensive to build, noisey, and dangerous to birds
geothermal heat energy from inside the Earth
Ring of Fire edge of the Pacific Ocean where geothermal heat is abundant
Geothermal Reservoir underground pool of hot water or steam
Advantages of geothermal clean and renewable
disadvantages of geothermal very limited availability
solar power using heat and light energy from the sun to generate electricity
photovoltaic cells solar panels which convert sunlight into electricity
parabolic trough curved mirror used to focus sunlight onto a pipe filled with water in order to make steam
batteries used to store energy at a solar power plant for use when the sun it not shining
advantages of solar power clean and renewable
disadvantages of solar power panels are expensive, sun doesn't shine at night
biomass power using the chemical energy stored in living material to generate electricity
advantages of biomass renewable and easy to find, can be built anywhere
disadvantages of biomass burning causes air pollution
Created by: sford on 2012-03-26



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