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Chapter 16&17 Vocab


this is the average weather conditions in an area over a long-period of time climate
the change of state from a gas to a liquid condensation
the boundary between air masses of different densities & usually different temperatures front
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure barometer
a usually brief, heavy storm that consists of rain, strong winds, lightning,& thunder thunderstorm
the short-term state of the atmosphere, including temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind,& visibility weather
the amount of water vapor in the air humidity
a large body of air where temp. & moisture content are constant throughout air mass
winds that blow mainly from one direction during a given period prevailing winds
the height of an object above sea level elevation
any form of water that falls to Earth's surface from clouds precipitation
an area in the atmosphere that has lower pressure than the surrounding areas & has winds that spiral toward the center cyclone
a serve storm that develops over tropical oceans & whose strong winds of more than 120km/h spiral toward the intensely low pressure storm center hurricane
an instrument used to measure wind speed anemometer
the distance north or south from the equator latitude
the ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to the about of water vapor needed to reach saturation at a given temperature relative humidity
the rotation of air around a high pressure center in the direction opposite to Earth's rotation anticyclone
a destructive, rotating column of air that has very high wind speeds, is visible as a funnel-shaped cloud,& touches the ground tornado
an instrument that measures & indicates temperature thermometer
a horizontal movement of ocean water that caused by wind & that occurs at or near the ocean's surface surface current
a collection of small water droplets or ice crystals suspend in the air, which forms when the air is cooled & condensation occurs cloud
an electric discharge that takes place between two oppositely charged surfaces, such as between a cloud & the ground, between two clouds, or between two parts of the same cloud lightning
the sound caused by the rapid expansion or air along an electrical strike thunder
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate & certain types of plant & animal communities biome
Created by: EmCat