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A&P Ch 11 E.S.

Made up of cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones into body fluids The Endocrine system
Secretes products into ducts Exocrine
Secrete products into body fluids to affect target cells Endocrine
The Endocrine's system is to communicate with cells using chemicals called Hormones
Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal galnds, pancreas Endocrine Glands
Can influence target cells even if they are present in Minute Concentrations
Controls secretion of the anterior pituitary Hypothalamus
Influences certain endocrine glands indirectly The Nervous System
Other glands respond directly to changes in ehe what? Internal fluid composition
Attached to the base of the brain and has an anterior lobe and posterior lobe The Pituitary Gland
Releasing hormones from the hypthalamus control the secretions of the what? Anterior Pituitary
Releases hormones into the bloodstream in response to nerve impulses from the hypothalamus Posterior pituitary
Stimulates body cells to grow and reporduce; it also speeds the rate at which cells use carbohydrates & fats Growth Hormone
Promotes milk production following the birth of an infant Prolactin
Gonatropins affeting the male and female gonads Follicle-stimulating hormone and lutenizing hormone
Neurons in the Hypothalamus produce_______which are stored in the posterior pituitary Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
_____produces its effect by causing kidneys to conserve water Antidiuretic hormone
_____plays a role in childbirh by contracting muscles in the uterine wall, and forcing milk into ducts from the milk glands Oxytocin
_____is located below the larnx and consists of 2 broad lobes connected by an isthmus The Thyroid Gland
_____produces 2 iodine-containing hormones The Follicuar cells
Together_____ and ______ regulate energy metabolism Thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Extrafollicular cells of the thyroid secrete______, which lowers blood levels of calcium and phosphate ions Calcitonin
_____increases blood calcium ion concentration and decreases phosphate ion concentration Parathyroid hormone
____ and______ exert opposite effects in regulating calcium iopn levels in the blood Calcitonin and PTH (parathyroid hormone)
_______sit atop the kidneys enclosed in a layer of fat The adrenal glands
_______secretes epinepherine and norepinepherine into the blood stream The adrenal medulla
_______causes the kidneys to conserve sodium ions and excrete potassium ions Aldosterone
________ influences the metabolism of glucose, protien, and fat in response to conditions that stress the body and require a greater supply of energy in the bloodstream. Cortisol
________decreases blood levels of glucose Insulin
_______produce estrogen and progesterone Ovaries
The_____ produces estrogen, progesterone, and gonadotropin Placenta
Created by: 1773920860