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Gilmore 03-08-12

Gilmore Cells 03-08-12

cell the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
How were cells discovered? looking at a cork tree
What is the cell theory? -all organisms are made up of one or more cells -the cell is the basic unit of living things -all cells come from existing cells
How are cells, atoms, and molecules alike? very small, made-up of smaller parts, all within humans, can't see them with the naked eye, make up all living, non-living things, make up other things
How are cells different form other particles? -makes up living things -basic unit of life -can perform life processes -made up of organelles -can reproduce
How are atoms different from other particles? -makes up non-living things -basic unit of matter -can bond -made up of protons, electrons, and neutrons -can not reproduce
How are molecules different from other particles? -non-living things -basic units of compounds -made up of atoms -doesn't reproduce
structure arrangement of parts in an organism. Includes shape and material made up of. (How its made)
function the special, normal, or proper activity of an organ or part of an organ (The job it does)
organelle structures inside a cell
nucleus large organelle in a eukaryotic cell that contains DNA
DNA hols info on how to make a cell's protein
proteins control chemical reactions in cells
nucleolus where the cell begins to make its protein
cell wall only in a plant cell; a rigid structure that provides support for the plant cell
cell membrane covers the cell surface and acts as a barrier (semipermeable)
cytoplasm made mostly of water holds
energy processing how the cell produces energy
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate
chloroplast -2 membranes -own DNA -where photosynthesis takes place -contains chlorophyll -captures energy -organelle in plant and algae cells
Who built the first microscope and was able to identify a cellwall in cork? Robert Hooke
mitochondria -only in animal cells -release energy as ATP -function is to change energy from food that cells can use -sugar is broken down to produce energy (glucose) -mainly found in muscle cells
Examples of an organelle is... nucleus, nucleolus, cell wall, cell membrane, and cytoplasm
ulva -a green protist that looks like a head of lettuce
volvox -green algae plants that looks like bubbles.
Created by: vish0298