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WGU Ethics

Early History of Ethics/Religion

Earliest Known Ethical Writings Hebrew Scriptures
Earliest Known Ethical Writings Egyptian School Texts
Earliest Known Ethical Writings Egyptian "Book of the Dead"
Earliest Known Ethical Writings Mesopotamian "Legend of Gilgamesh
Socrates "Right Action" Consistent with self-interest
Socrates "Right Action" Must be rational
Idea Aristotle Advocates Honesty in speech is always a virtue
Idea Aristotle Advocates virtue is the mean between excess and deficiency
Idea Aristotle Advocates People need courage
Idea Aristotle Advocates No one would choose to live without friends
Advantage of using virtues as ethical standards takes in to consideration that all people are not morally equal
Devine Command Theory Problem Concepts of good and evil are arbitrarily dependent on God's rules
Devine Command Theory Problem Humans should be truthful only because God commands it
Theory of Natural Law Element describes both what is and what ought to be
Theory of Natural Law Element right course of action follows dictates of reason
Theory of Natural Law Element theory is based on perspective that nature is purposeful
Jaina Ethics extreme measures in pursuit of ahimsa (non injury)
Jaina Ethics perceives all ethics by reference to monastic ethics
Gandhian Ethics Known for practical wisdom
Classical Hindu Ethics Founded in a rigid, descriminatory class system; life affirming; rigidly authoritarian
Classical Hindu Ethics Teaches principal of passive restraint
Allows for legitimate autonomy; seeks to influence but not control Christ transforming culture
Advocates Church seeking control over public life Christ over culture
Promotes other worldly pietism Christ against culture
Casts a gospel glow over the existing order and hardly changes it Christ of culture
Makes a seperation between Christs rule in the church and in public life Christ and culture in paradox
Delema to applying scripture to contemporary social issues scriptures do not always provide specific moral guidance
Delema to applying scripture to contemporary social issues scriptures does not yeild definate answers to social problems
Delema to applying scripture to contemporary social issues scripture is often quoted without contex
Created by: emartin