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5010 Mid Person Cent

5010 Midterm - Person Centered Concepts

QuestionAnswer
Nondirective counseling, Client-centered therapy, Student-centered teaching, Person-Centered Approach Four periods of development
Nondirective counseling Period of development in 1940’s
Nondirective counseling Period of development emphasized counselor’s creation of a permissive and nondirective climate
Nondirective counseling Period of development that removed advice, suggestion, direction, persuasion, teaching, diagnosis, and interpretation from counseling approach
Nondirective counseling Period of development focused mainly on reflecting and clarifying the client’s communications w/the aim of helping clients become aware of & gain insight into feelings
Client-centered therapy Period of development in 1950’s
Client-centered therapy Period of development with emphasis on client rather than nondirective methods
Client-centered therapy Period of development where shift from clarification of feelings to phenomenological
Client-centered therapy Period of development where best vantage point for understanding client was from their own internal frame of reference
Client-centered therapy Period of development focused on actualizing tendency as the basic motivational force that leads to client’s change
Student-centered teaching period of development in late 1950’s to 1970’s
Student-centered teaching period of development characterized by becoming one’s experience from an openness to experience, a trust in one’s experience, internal evaluation and the willingness to be in process
Student-centered teaching period of development where extensive research was performed about the process and outcomes of psychotherapy and studied the qualities of the client-therapist relationship as a catalyst leading to personality change
Student-centered teaching period of development when approach was also applied to group therapy
Person-Centered Approach period of development in 1980’s and 1990’s
Person-Centered Approach period of development, interest in how people obtain, possess, share, or surrender power and control over others and themselves
Person-Centered Approach period of development that broadened applications to include education, family life, cross-cultural and interracial activity, and international relations
Actualizing tendency a directional process of striving towards realization, fulfillment, autonomy, self-determination, and perfection.
Conguence, Unconditional Positive Regard, Accurate Empathic Understanding Three therapist attributes
Congruence genuineness, realness
Unconditional positive regard acceptance and caring
Accurate empathetic understanding ability to deeply grasp the subjective world of another person)
Empathy helps clients pay attention and value their experiencing
Empathy helps clients see earlier experiences in new ways
Empathy helps clients modify their perceptions of themselves, others, and the world
Empathy helps clients increase their confidence in making choices and in pursuing a course of action
Humanistic thinking each of us has a natural potential that we can actualize and through which we find meaning
Humanistic thinking with appropriate conditions, we will automatically grow in positive ways
Methodological flaws found by critics using control subject who were not candidates for therapy
Methodological flaws found by critics failing to use an untreated control group
Methodological flaws found by critics failing to account for placebo effects
Methodological flaws found by critics reliance on self-reports as a major way to assess the outcomes of therapy
Methodological flaws found by critics using inappropriate statistical procedures
Created by: CatMarWar on 2012-03-03



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