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Puckett - the young child vocab.

Abortion the ending of a pregnancy
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) a disease that attacks the immune system, causing death from illnesses that the immune system cannot ward off.
AFP (alphafetoprotein test) a blood test that can identify disorders in the brain or spinal column in the fetus.
Amniocentesis a technique that involves extracting amniotic fluid for the purpose of detecting all chromosomal and more than 100 biomedical disorders
Anorexia a severe disorder, usually sen in adolescent girls, characterized by self-starvation
Bulimia a severe disorder, usually seen i adolescent girls, characterized by binging and then self-induced vomitting.
CVT (chorionic villus test) a test that analyzes samples of the hairlike projection (chorionic villi) of tissue in the placenta to determine chromosomal disorders (can be done earlier than amniocenteis).
Chromosomes ordered groups of genes withing the nucleus of a cell
congenital anomalies skeletal or body system abnormalities caused by defective genes within the chromosome, which usually affect the developing embryo during the first eight weeks of pregnancy.
critical period a time of physilogical and/or psychological sensivity during which the normal development of a major organ or structural system is vulnerable to insult or injury
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, the moleule containig the information that causes the formation of proteins that stimulate the development of tissues and organs and affect other genes and physiological functions.
Doula a greek word for a female servant who provides assisstant and support during childbirth
embryonic stage week three through eight of pregnancy, during which the major organ systems are formed
environment stage the experiencing the feelings or emotions that someone else is experiencing
fertility the capability of conceiving a child
fertility rate the number of births per 1,000 women of age 15 to 44 years.
fetal stage the stage that begins after the first eight weeks of pregnancy and continues until birth.
Fetus the developing human from nine weeks after conception to birth
fraternal twins twins whose development began by the fertilization of two ova (eggs) by two sperm, causing each twin to have a different genetic code.
Gender the maleness or femaleness of the zygote as determined by the kind of sperm fertilizing the ovaum (y sperm: genetically male; x sperm genetically female).
Genes molecules of DNA that encode and transmit the characteristics of past generations.
Genetic counseling information provided to parents or prospective parents about the possibility and nature of genetic disorders in thier offspring.
Genome the sum total of gene types possessed by a particular species
Genotype the combination of genes inherited from both parents and their ancestors
Gestation the length an average pregnancy of 280 days, or 40 weeks, from the first day of your last period; can range from 37 to 42 weeks.
gestational diabetes diabetes that develops after a woman becomes pregnant
heredity the inherited characteristics of humans encoded by genes
home visitor a trained nurse or paraprofessional who provides in-home education and support services to pregnant women and families with young children.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) the virus that causes AIDS; it can be transmitted from an infected mother to the fetus or embryo via the placenta or delivery fluids
hypertension high blood pressure
identical twins twins whose development began when the zygote split into 2 identical halves, thus ensuring that both twins have the identical genetic code
lamaze method a method developed by Fernand Lamaze, which involves training the prospective mother and a partner/coach in breathing and relaxation techniques to be used during labor.
low birth weight a newborn weight of less than 2,500grams, or 5 1/2 pounds
neonate the newborn from birth to 4 weeks
neurobiological agents hormones and chemicals that facilitate the transmission of information throughout the nervous system
perinatal the period encompassing the weeks before a birth, the birth, and the few weeks thereafter
placenta an organ attached to the wall of the uterus, which transmits nutrients from the mother to the embryo/fetus and filters wastes from the embryo/fetus to the mother
PCR a procedure used to identify disease-causing genes in an eight-cell embryo
prematurity a preterm delivery that occurs prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation.
prenatal the time from conception until birth, an average of 266days, or 38 weeks.
recessive gene a gene that carries a trait that may not appear unless a gene for the same trait is inherited from both parents
Rh Factor a condition in the mother that produces antibodies that destroy the red blood cells of her second baby and subsequent babies
teratogens environmental factors, such as viruses and chemical substance, that can cause abnormalities in the developing embryo or juices.
toxemia a disease of unknown cause that occurs in the last trimester and can cause death to both mother and child
toxoplasmosis a viral infection that can be transmitted from cat droppings or raw meat to the mother and from her to the fetus or embryo via the placenta, causing birth disorders
trimester the first, second, or third three months of pregnancy
ultrasound a technique using sound frequencies that can detect structural characteristic of the fetus and the approximate week of pregnancy
zygote the first cell resulting from the fertilization of the ovum by the sperm
anemia a condition caused by a lack of red blood cells
Apgar score a score that rates the physical condition of newborns in the areas of Appearance, Pulse, Grimance, Activity, and Respiration.
bonding a complex psychobiological connection between parent and infant
breech position delivery a birth in which a body part other than the head presents itself for delivery first, ususally the buttocks,feet, or in some cases the umbilical cord
cervix the opening of the uterus
cesarean delivery a surgical procedure during which an incision is made through the abdominal and uterine walls of the mother to deliver the baby.
contraction the movement of the muscles of the uterus that pushes the baby through the cervical opening and int the birth canal
dilation the gradula opening of the cervix, which occurs in the first stage of labor
electronic fetal monitor a device used during labor, which is attached to the abdomen of the pregnant woman or the scalp of the fetus to determine the fetal heart rate.
episiotomy an icision made in the opening of the vulva to prevent it from tearing during delivery
extrauterine the environment outside of the uterus
foreceps a surgical instrument, similar to tongs, that is applied to the head of the fetus to facilitate delivery
In utero the environment in which the fetus grows within the uterus
isolette a small crib, which provides a controlled environment for newborns
labor the three stages of the birth process, dilation, birth of the baby, and discharge of the placenta.
ossification the conversion of the softer cartilage of the skeletal system into bone.
neonatologist a physical who specializes in the care and treatment of the neonate,or newborn infant, during the first 4 to 6 weeks.
postpartum depression a period of depression that affects most mothers for a few days in some cases for weeks and months after childbirth
postpartum psychosis a psychological condition assistion with severe depression following childbirth in which there is a loss of insight, good judgment, and coping strength; sometimes there is a loss of touch with reality
preterm infants born several weeks before the full term (38 weeks) of pregnancy
subcutaneous tissue tissue that forms beneath the skin
viability the capability of sustaining extrauterine survival
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale an assessment of 16 reflexes, responsiveness, state changes, and ability to self-calm in the newborn
apnea absenc of breathing for a period of up to 20 seconds
atrophy waste away, diminish in size and/or function
axon a branch like projecton from the neuron that carries information away from the cell body
botulism a potentially fatal form of food poisoning
cephalocaudal refers to the long axis of the body from the head downward
cerebral cortex the outer layer of the cerbral hemisphere, which is mostly responsible for higher mental functions, sensory processing, and motor control
clostridium botulinum the bacterium that causes botulism
colostrum the first fluid secreted by the mammary glands soon after childbirth, before true milk is formed.
dendrites branches from te neuron that carry information toward the cell body; a neuron can have several dendrites
embryonic cell mass the developing fertilized ovum during the first 3 months of pregnancy when cells are dividing rapidly to form the fetus.
failure to thrive a condition in which an apparently healthy infants fail to grow normally
gavage feeding
gial cells
behaviorist perspective
constructrive perspective
developmental interactionish
kangaroo care
low birth weight
maturationist perspective
primitive reflexes
psychological state reflex
skeletal age subcortical
survival reflexes
neural tube
primitive reflexes
shaken baby syndrome
systems perspective
transactional perspective
water intoxication
primary caregiver
separation anxiety
stranger anxiety
reciprocal determinism
social cognition
social referencing
bilabial trills
child-direct speech
cognitive development
orienting response
primary circular reactions
secondary circular reactions
sensorimotor learning
object permanence
overgeneralized speech
body awareness
deciduous teeth
developmental milestoes
food security
gender awareness
cochlear implant
food insecurity
gender identity
standard precautions
toilet learning
proximity seeking
gender constancy
transitional object
parallel play
display rules
prosocial behavior
extrafamilial relationships
creative vocabulary
communicative competence
deferred imitation
expressive language
fast mapping
idiosyncratric concepts
inner speech
logicomethematical knowledge
mental symbols
metalinguistic awareness
phonological sensitivity
physical knowledge
preoperational stage
private speech
rich interpretation
simultaneous bilingualism
transductive reasoning
successive bilingualism
telegraphic speech
tertiary circular reactions
receptive language under-extension
zone of proximal development
balance dexterity directionality
health-related fitness
left/right dominance
performance related fitness
associative play
authoritarian discipline
authoritative discipline
cooperative play
heteronomous morality
inductive discipline
moral realism
moral relativism
permissive discipline
power-assertive discipline
theory of mind
class inclusion
constancy of position in space
identity constancy
indirect speech
invented/developmental spelling
levels-of-processing theory
predictable books
private spelling
public spelling
basal metabolic rate
figure-ground discrimination
fundamental movement
healthy eating index
other-mediated action
defense mechanism
Created by: agilbe5