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Apologia GS #10

prokaryotic cell A cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles
eukaryotic cell A cell with distinct, membrane-bounded organelles
Pathogen an organism that causes disease
Decomposers Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms
vegetative reproduction The process by which one part of a plant can form new roots and develop into a complete plant
classification system identifies all things around us and places them into Kingdoms
Biology the study of life
five-kingdoms Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Eukaryotic cells that have a nucleus
Prokaryotic cells without a nucleus
Algae composed of eukaryotic cells and look like water plants, but they are not really plants
Pathogenic disease causing
dehydrated food food in which almost all the water has been removed which reduces bacteria growth
Amoeba Protozoan "blob" organism with no defined shape or specialized structures
Kingdom Monera Single prokaryotic celled microorganisms or the "simplest" form of life that can thrive and multiply in extreme habitats
Kingdom Protista This kingdom contains single celled eukaryotic organisms as well as organisms like algae. Needs moisture to live and are bigger than Monera organisms
protozoa and algae Kingdom Protista's 2 groups
Protozoa single celled organisms that belong to Kingdom Protista and behave like animals - moving around and eating other organisms
Algae Belong to Kingdom Protista and are more like plants. They are the most important source of photosynthesis on earth but are without specialized plant structures like roots, stems.
Euglena Protozoa that have flagellum and an eye spot, don't eat other organisms, they produce food for photosynthesis
Flagellum the tail on an organism or cell that allows it to move through the fluid in which they live.
eye spot a light sensing spot the euglena needs for photosynthesis
Paramecium Protozoa called "ciliates" that are the largest and move by using cilia and consume more food than most
Cilia hair like structures that beat back and forth like oars in water creating movement
Plasmodium Protozoa that cause malaria transmitted through mosquito bites.
Diatom Algae that are responsible for more photosynthesis than any other group of algae
Kelp Algae that looks like a water plant and is called seaweed and can grow very large - in excess of 100 feet
red algae another form of seaweed that is not green but still performs photosynthesis
Kingdom Fungi This kingdom is made up of organisms with several eukaryotic cells, breaks down dead organisms creating nutrients, called decomposers
Mycelium The main body of a fungus made up of network of interwoven filaments, usually below the surface
shelf fungi found growing out of dead trees
Mold found growing on decaying food
Yeast single-celled fungus used in baking bread
Kingdom Plantae Made up of several eukrayotic cells, makes its own foodand has specialized plant structures
roots, stems, leaves Three specialized plant structures of plants
cell wall and central vacuole Things plant cells have that animal cells don't have
vegetative reproduction The process by which one part of a plant can form new roots and develop into a complete plant
Roots These parts of a plant absorb water and nutrients from the soil
Stems These parts of a plant help transport the nutrients and water to other parts of the plant
Leaves These parts of a plant are the main place where photosynthesis takes place
Photosynthesis The process by which green plants produce food
cell wall a rigid structure in a plant cell that has openings in it which allow nutrients and other chemical to pass through
central vacuole fills with water, increasing in size, in a plant cell resulting in a rigid cell when full of fluids
Turgor pressure The rigidity in a plant’s cells that allow the plant to stand up straight
Kingdom Animalia Earthworms, insects, fish, animals, birds, humans and some microscopic animals belong to this Kingdom.
Cyclops large group of small, water-swelling animals that have only one eye that cannot see but can detect light
Monera the only kingdom that has single prokaryotic cell organisms
Bacteria members of kingdom Monera are often called ?
Protozoa Which organism can move on its own: protozoa or algae?
Algae what is the most important source of oxygen for the planet?
Fungi which kingdom contains decomposers?
Yeast Name a single-celled fungus?
turgor pressure when the central vacuole in a plant cell fills with water, pushing the organelles against the cell wall
Animalia To which kingdom do people belong?
Created by: pinetreeacademy