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Chapter 6

SPED class

speech disorder Difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality or fluency of speech, often referred to as stuttering.
language disorder Difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information.
receptive language disorder Difficulty receiving or understanding information.
cleft palate or lip A condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip.
dialect A language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethic factors.
speech The oral expression of language.
language A structured, shared rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating.
phonology The use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words.
phonemes The rules and sequencing of individual speech sounds.
morphology The system that governs the structure of words.
morpheme The smallest meaningful unit of speech.
syntax The rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences.
semantics The meaning of what is expressed.
pragmatics The use of communication in contexts.
social interaction theories Theories that emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions.
Articulation A speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds.
substitutions An articulation error when a child substitutes one sound for another.
omissions When a child leaves a phoneme out of a word.
distortions Modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word.
pitch The rate of vibration of the vocal chords.
duration The length of time any speech sound requires.
intensity The loudness or softness of a sound.
resonance The perceived quality of someone's voice.
hypernasality A resonance trait that allows too much air to pass through the nasal cavity.
hyponasality A resonance trait that does not allow enough air to pass through the nasal cavity
specific language impairment A language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability.
organic disorders A speech and language disorder caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person.
functional disorder A speech and language disorder with no identifiable organic or neurological cause.
congenial disorder A disorder that occurs before birth.
acquired disorder A disorder that occurs after birth.
bilingual To be able to use two languages well.
bidialectal To be able to use two variations of a language.
System for Augmenting Language A system that augments the speech between communication partners by activating the communication device in naturally occurring interactions at home and school and in the community.
Created by: hlesage