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ChiroBoards2: T&FP

ChiroBoards2: Theories and Famous People

QuestionAnswer
First to use short lever adjusting (spinous and TP) DD Palmer
"Tone" is foundation of Chiropractic - said by DD Palmer
Nerve Conduction Theory Subluxation is caused by chemical, mechanical, physical, and also talked about INNATE
Invented Nerve Conduction Theory DD Palmer
Coined term, "innate from Christianity" DD Palmer
learned Chiropractic from Eastern European Bone Setters DD Palmer
"Cord Compression Theory" Inventor BJ Palmer
Meric Chart creator BJ Palmer
Inventor of Neurocalometer BJ Palmer
Created Pelvic Distorsion Model Carver
Inventor of flexion/distraction Cox/McManus
Flexion/Distraction is used for: (5) lumbar disc protrusion, spondy, facet syndrome, subluxation, scoliosis
Fixation theory of joint hypomobility Gillet/Faye
Upper Cervical Specific; dentate ligament Grostic
Father of Homeopathy Hahnemann
First to manipulate Hippocrates
Discovered and tested SI ligament / Joint hypermobility Illi
Invented "3 phase model of Instability" Kirkaldy/Willis
3 phase model of Instability Dysfunction, Unstable, Stabilization
Invented "Segmental Facilitation Theory" Korr
Segmental Facilitation Theory Subluxation creates a "hyperactive" nervous system
Wrote first chiro textbook in 1906 Langworthy
Incorporated motion instead of "bone out of place" idea Langworthy
Revised Faye's concept of VSC Lantz
Believed the sacrum was the keystone to the spine Logan
Panjabi and White Biomechanics of the spine
Created idea of "General Adaptation Syndrome" Selye
General Adaptation Syndrome Under optimum conditions the body can respond to stressors
33 principles and "safety pin" idea man Stephenson
Founder of Osteopathy Andrew Taylor Still
Named Chiropractic Samuel Weed
Components of the 5 Component Model of VSC Neuropathophysiology, Kinesiopathogysiology, Myopathy, Histopathology, Pathophysiology
Neuropathophysiology: 3 forms of nerve tissue dysfunction 1. Irritation of anterior horn causing hypertonicity/spasm 2. Compression 3. Decreased Axoplasmic transport
Acute irritation of posterior horn causes hyperesthesia
Chronic compression of posterior horn causes anesthesia
Acute irritation of anterior horn causes hypertonicity/spasm
Chronic compression of anterior horn causes atonia/flaccidity
Acute irritation of lateral horn causes sympatheticotonia
Chronic compression of lateral horn causes sympathetic atonia
Myopathy: acute vs. chronic acute = spasm; chronic = atrophy
Histopathology Cellular damage causing INFLAMMATION
Pathophysiology End result of the VSC; DIS-EASE
Al reflex arcs must include the ___________ spinal cord
Reflexes are named by _____________ "cause and effect"
somatic: refers to skin, bone, muscle, nerve
Visceral: refers to organ, blood, lymph
Psycho: refers to thinking about something
Gate Theory of Pain Control: what location of cord? Lamina II: Substantia Gelatinosa
Fiber Type that blunts C-fiber activation Type A afferents
Pain fibers terminate at the _________ of the spinal cord dorsal horn
which arteries provide major blood supply to the brainstem vertebral arteries
Vascular Insufficiency Model Verebrobasilar arterial insufficiency (VBAI) caused by vertebral arterial compression caused by subluxation
Vascular Insufficiency Model: Symptoms diarrhea, vomiting, ataxia, diploplia, dizziness, visual issues
M/c location for compression of the vertebral arteries: over the posterior arch of C1
ROM's of C1 and C2, causing MOST compression on the Vertebral Arteries? rotation and extension
Nerve Compression Theory: Results of spinal nerve root compression? decrements in the compound action potential (decrease nerve fiber function) as well as numbness or paralysis.
Why are nerve roots (endoneurium) more predisposed to irritation than peripheral nerves? They dont have epineurium or perineurium protective connective tissue layers
Nerve Compression Theory: what percent of subluxations exhibit these characteristics? 2-5%
Anterograde vs. Retrograde: speed and which is more common? Anterograde = faster and more common
Axonal Aberration-Trophic Model: End resulting type of degeneration? Wallerian Degeneration
Cord Compression Theory: Inventor BJ Palmer (explains HIO technique)
Flaw with Cord Compression Theory The described cord compression can only occur with things such as extreme trauma, tumors, or other masses.
Facilitation Hypothesis: aka's (4 listed) Fixation Theory; Segmental Facilitation; Proprioceptive Insult; Gamma Motor gain (Increased SNS firing)
Facilitation Hypothesis: Definition lowered threshold for firing in a spinal cord segment as a result of afferent bombardment associated with spinal lesions.
Facilitation Hypothesis: Creator Korr
What did Korr believe to be the focused organ responsible for segmental dysfunction resulting in "sustained hyperactivity"? muscle spindle activity
proprioceptive insult constant bombardment of nocicpetion lowers the threshold for firing in this segment
Facilitation definition continueous firing of nociception makes it easier to get to the brain
Neurodystrophic Hypothesis: aka Neuroimmunomodulation
Neurodystrophic Hypothesis Neuro dysfunction stresses viscera, lowering tissue resistance, and modifying the immune responses
Who stated that exposure to stress can cause "diseases of adaptation"? Selye
Stages of Adaptation (4) Alarm, Resist, Adapt, Exhaust
Responses to stress is coordinated by a ____________ mechanism neuroendocrine
Axoplasmic abberation (AXT): which theory? Nerve Compression (DD Palmer)
Original "Bone out of place" : which theory? Nerve Compression theory
Decreased nerve transmission, "action potentials": which theory? Nerve Compression theory
Increased SNS/ Decreased PSN (acute): which theory? Nerve Compression theory
HIO technique: which theory? Cord Compression (BJ Palmer) theory
Upper Cervical compromise: which theory? Cord Compression theory
Secondary to neural compression: which theory? axoplasmic abberation theory
Protein/Macromolecule transport: which theory? axoplasmic abberation theory
Anterograde/Retrograde: which theory? axoplasmic abberation theory
Hypomobility of motor unit: which theory? Fixation theory
Fixation theory aka Segmental dysfunction
Hypermobility above and below a fixed segment, causing excess input into the posterior horn, firing up the lateral horn, thus causing sympathecotonia: Which theory? Fixation theory
Muscle spindle/GTO involvement: which theory? Fixation theory
Immune stuff: which theory? Neurodystrophic theory
Neurodystrophic theory aka Neuroimmunomodulation theory
Stress induces altered neuroendocrine function: Which theory? Neurodystrophic theory
Hans Selye's work on stress: which theory applies to? Neurodystrophic theory
SNS and PNS balance: which theory? Somatoautonomic reflex theory
Central modulation/Peripheral modulation: which theory? Somatoautonomic reflex theory
"Mechanoreceptor Funk": which theory? Proprioceptive Insult theory
Biochemical abberation----> sensory flood : which theory Proprioceptive Insult theory
Dentate ligament: which theory? Dural Torque theory
Concept of meningeal torsion (rotational stress) : which theory? Dural Torque theory
S/S -> ataxia, diploplia, dizziness, diarrhea, dysphagia, falling to side, nausea, vomiting, nystagmus, etc. :which theory? Vertebral Basilar Artery Insufficiency
Symptoms apparent with rotation and extension of the head; never give second adjustment! : which theory? Vertebral Basilar Artery Insufficiency
Created by: bglasman on 2012-02-26



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