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MUH Midterm 1

________ is the word for a simple, three-part form. Ternary
________ is the new system of tuning that became well accepted during the 17th century. Equal Temperament
A ________ is a solo section that is designed to further the plot in an opera. Recitative
________ is the 17th century concept of setting only one emotion throughout a movement or a piece. Doctrine of Affections
A ________ is a collection of dances or material from a larger work. Suite
________ is one of the major musical characteristics of Bach's era, due in part to the fact that the harpsichord was unable to play gradual gradations of loud and soft. Terraced Dynamics
Music that is not sacred is considered ________ . Secular
This texture, ________, involves 2 or more independent horizontal lines of music. Polyphony
The aristocratic ________ was often used as the form of a third movement in the late 18th century. Minuet, or Trio
A ________ is a composition or a section of a composition that employs strict imitation of a theme, one voice entering after another singing, or playing, the same melody. Fugue
The ________ is the section of a concerto where the soloist gets to show off while everyone else keeps quiet. Cadenza
An ________ is a lyrical, melodic composition that showcases the soloist in an opera. Aria
The three parts that make up sonata form are: Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation (Study more about sonata form)
An ________ is a pattern of pitches or rhythm that obstinately keeps repeating over and over. Ostinato
Accenting on the off beat is known as ________. Syncopation
The "highness" or "lowness" of a note is described as its ________. Pitch
A ________ is a Mass for the dead. Requiem
A composition that pits a larger instrument group against a smaller instrument group, or even a soloist, is called a ________. Concerto
Bach celebrated the new tuning system by developing what composition-- or rather, series of compositions? "The Well-Tempered Clavier"
Most popular music has melodies that are based around a "home plate" or central tone know as the ________. Tonic
hildegard of bingen-- medieval
John Farmer (Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone) renaissance
Antonio Vivaldi baroque
Joseph Haydn/Wolfgang Mozart classical
Frederic Chopin romantic
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