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Chapter 3 Test Revie

Process which formed the Himalaya Mountains colliding tectonic plates
most geologically active region on the surface of Earth boundaries between tectonic plates
producers of oxygen plants
ozone layer location stratosphere
Large-scale atmospheric phenomena caused by air that is constantly in motion weather
The Richter scale describes magnitude of an earthquake
molten rock in upper mantle magma
Earth’s densest atmospheric layer troposphere
mechanisms of energy transfer through or within Earth’s atmosphere radiation, conduction, and convection
This causes air to be denser near Earth’s surface Gravity
The greenhouse effect allows the Earth’s atmosphere to do this trap heat
all of the water on or near Earth’s surface hydrosphere
Where is most of the fresh water on Earth located in ice caps and glaciers
Ocean water contains more of this than fresh water salts
Deep currents can be found here ocean floor
Surface currents circulate in different directions, depending on this hemisphere location
With respect to energy, Earth is what type of system open system
Part of Earth that encompasses all areas where organisms can obtain the energy they need biosphere
Cause of currents at the surface of the ocean wind.
With respect to matter, Earth is mostly this type of system a closed system
Percentage of the Earths atmosphere that is Nitrogren 78%
Percentage of the Earths atmosphere that is oxygen 21%
Percentage of suns energy absorbed by Earth’s surface 50%
Percentage of Chlorine as a dissolved solid in the oceans 55%
The Richter scale measures the amount of energy released by this earthquake
Earth’s thin outer layer crust
Seismologists use these to learn about the interior structure of Earth through measurement of the speed and direction seismic waves
Area where most of the geological activity at the surface of Earth takes place boundaries between tectonic plates
The removal and transport of surface material by water and wind erosion
vibration caused when there is movement along a fault earthquake
large volcanic eruption can reduce the amount of this that reaches Earth’s surface due to ash and gases sunlight
The second most abundant gas in Earth’s atmosphere oxygen
the form of oxygen that protects Earth from the sun’s ultraviolet rays ozone
this current consists of air or a liquid moving in a circular path as it is heated and cooled convection
trap radiated heat near Earth’s surface greenhouse gases
Electrically charged atoms ions
flow of heat from a warmer object to a colder object when the objects are placed in direct physical contact conduction
The continuous movement of water into the air, onto land, and then back to water sources water cycle
measure of the quantity of dissolved salts salinity
Speed at which ocean absorbs and releases heat compared to land slow
Small streams and rivers that flow into larger ones tributaries
liquid water is heated by the sun and then rises into the atmosphere as water vapor evaporation
influence the climate of the region when they flow past land surface currents
The process that occurs when water vapor forms water droplets on dust particles condensation
surface of the land where water enters an aquifer recharge zone
both matter and energy are exchanged between a system and a surrounding environment open system
allows a planet to hold and maintain an atmosphere gravity
Created by: rseneta