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Poetry Terminology

poetry terminology

Stanza Grouping of lines
Couplet two-line unit with an aa rhyme scheme
traditional fixed rules, regular pattern of rhythm and rhyme, sonnet, ode, haiku, limerick, epic
organic no regular pattern of rhythm; may not rhyme, may use unconventional grammar, spelling or punctuation, free verse, concrete poetry
speaker the voice that talks to the reader (may or may not be the poet)
Ode lyric poem that addresses serious themes like justice, truth, or passage of time
Lyric poem short poem with a single speaker expressing personal thoughts or feelings
free verse no pattern of rhythm or rhyme
parallelism use of similar grammatical construction to express ideas related or equal in importance
end-stopped-line each line of the poem ends at a normal speech pause (comma, period, etc.)without a pause at the end of the line; called "enjambment"
Rhythm pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables (stress=syllable that gets emphasized when speaking properly)
meter a pattern of rhythm
foot a unit of meter
scanning process of marking the meter
rhyme scheme regular pattern of rhyme
repetition a sound, word, phrase or line that is repeated for emphasis or unity
Assonance repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not end with the same consonant
alliteration repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not end with the same consonant
consonance repetition of consonant sounds within AND at the ends of words
onomatopoeia words that imitate sounds
imagery words or phrases that re-create sensory experiences for readers (make you want to or feel like you're using your sense of taste, sight, smell, hearing, or touch)
figurative language indicates meanings beyond literal words-simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole
sonnet 14-line lyric poem; strict pattern of rhyme and rhythm
English (Shakespearean) ababcdcdefefgg, three quatrains (four-lined stanza) + a couplet, iambic pentameter
Ballad originally composed orally and added or changed to fit the audience and used the everyday language and voice of the people; fictional, have characters, setting, and dialogue, use repetition and have regular rhyme and meter
traditional ballad four-line stanzas with simple rhyme schemes, tells of a single tragic incident through dialouge
Created by: animeluvr96