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American Lit FINAL

Important people & terms

Side 1Side 2
Puritan a member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th & 17th centuries, advocated strict religious discipline along w/ simplfication of the ceremonies & creeds of the Church of England
Separatist William Bradford led the first group aboard the Mayflower to secede from the Church of England. These Puritans, later called Pilgrims, were the first to settle in America
Dissenters Challenged Puritan orthodoxy, religious & civil rule & suffered as a result. Roger Williams was among them
Polemical Writing Popular during French/American revolutions. Based on radical views of anti-slavery. Attacks traditional religious system
The Others Slaves, Indians, women & homosexuals
Transcendentalism A literary & philosophical movement, associated w/ Ralph Waldo Emerson & Margaret Fuller, asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical & scientific & is knowable through intuition
Unitarianism Christian doctrine that stresses individual freedom of belief & rejects the Trinity
Individualism Belief in the primary importance of the individual & in the virtues of self-reliance & personal independence
Immediacy Instantaneous knowledge
Esemplastic Molding into unity
Organic Metaphor Expression of new radical religion. The sum is larger than the whole of its parts. From Emerson - Nature
Apostrophe Addressing an inanimate object as if it is alive. highly emotional and direct
Parable A simple story illustrating a moral or religious lesson. From The Minister's Black Veil by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Allegory A short moral story (often w/ animal characters)
Second American Revolution The Civil War
Extension Non-Abolitionist attempt to prevent slavery from moving west & southwest into other parts of the country. The Republican Party, under Lincoln's leadership, stood against the extension of slavery into new territories
Helotry Serfdom; Slavery
Lyrical Elegy Moves from am apparent problem in nature to a positive acceptance. Borrows from romantic and transcendentalists' theories
Carol Sings for a purpose w/ a moral. As does a chant, song or psalm. From Emerson's Concord Hymn where the nature of the spirit is praised
Paean A song or hymn of praise; a.k.a. hurrah
Autochthonic Native, or rising from the soil; indigenous; Whitman's definition of all literature
Omnigenous Consisting of all kinds
Iambic Pentameter A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line w/ 5 feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable & an accented syllable
Monometer A verse consisting of a single metrical foot
Trochaic The falling foot of a ryhme scheme
Plot "Life in time"
Theme "Life in Value"
Literary Realism Writing about what you know,goes beyond truth & what you know vs. Naturalism. Deterministic is the key adjective for realism
Naturalism The doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms w/o recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations. The world doesn't care if Man exists or not. "Stuff" happens. Fate is key. Ex.: "To Build a Fire" by Jack London
Epitaph Something written on a tombstone in a book. A brief memorialization. "I had a lovers quarrel worldwide," from Robert Frost's tombstone
Epithet A term used to characterize a person or thing. Name upon name. Ex.: Langston Hughes a.k.a. the Poet Laureate of the Negro Race, from The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Satirist Writing that aims to correct social vices & misbehavior through laughter
Inhumanism Not man. The rest of nature. Positive message. From Robinson Jeffers, the romantic naturalist & inhumanist
Ekphrasis When a poet writes about the visual arts, like a painting or a statue. Poetry that responds to a work of art. Ex.: William Carlos Williams
Robinson Jeffers romantic naturalist
Langston Hughes The Poet Laureate of the Negro race. Autochthonic poet, native to America
E.E. Cummings The cubist poet who wrote like Picasso painted; a satirist
Wallace Stevens Poet of supreme fictions. "Death is the mother of beauty."
The Cold War a.k.a. the Age of Anxiety & "arms race"
Gwendolyn Brooks 1st Nobel prize winner, African American, wrote "Annie Allen"
Dudley Randall 1965 Broadside Press, which advanced black careers & changed the whole character of American Lit; wrote "The Melting Pot"
Robert Frost The poet of New England
Phillis Wheatley First published black author
Abraham Lincoln "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
Poem that is a hymn or paean "Lilacs in the Dooryard Bloom'd"
Example of a parable "The Minister's Black Veil"
Anne Bradstreet Wrote the first book of British North American poetry
William Carlos Williams The ekphrasis poet
Gary Snyder Buddhist poet; Will speak @ Baylor & add a poem to the wall inside our building
Emily Dickinson Influenced by Emerson; has the Elizabeth Browning Library on our campus
Cathy Song Hawaiian contemporary American poet
Joy Harjo Native American American poet
Michael S. Harper Jazz poet
Thomas Paine Issued a polemic revolution
Benjamin Franklin Modern, yet embodied the Age of Reason
Ezra Pound Father of the modernist movement
Walt Whitman Freed poetic style by breaking pentameter; content & form in American lit
Created by: Baylorbabe9404