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Blood Chp. 14

Chapter 14 Flashcards- Cardiovascular System

What are the three components of blood plasma? Protiens, water, other solutes
What are the 2 components of whole blood? Blood Plasma, Formed Elements
What are the three main protiens found in the blood? Albumins, Globulins, Fibinogen
What are the 6 sollutes commonly found in Blood? Electrolytes, Nutirents, Gases, Regulatory Substances, vitamins, waste products
What are the 5 classes of white blood cells? Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils.
What is the definition of a formed element? Cells, and cell fragments.
What are the classes of formed elements? RBC, WBC, Platlets
What is the relationship between erythrocytes and erythropoesis? Erythropoesis is the formation of erythrocytes. Aka Red Blood Cells
What is the relationship between reticulocytes and red blood cells? Reticulocytes are red blood cells without the nucleas.
What is the role of a neutrophil? Respond to bacterial infection using phagocytosis
What is the role of a monocyte? respond to baterical infection using phagocytosis
What is the role of a eosinophil? release enzymes that combat inflamation
What is the role of a basophile? involved in inflamatory responses; histamine
What is the role of B-cells? Produce antibodies
What is the role of T-cells? attack viruses, fungi, bacteria, ect...
What is the role of natural killer cells? attack infectious microbes
What is hemostasis? the process that stops bleeding
What are the three methods of reduction of blood loss? vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, blood clotting
What is hemorrhage? Loss of large amount of blood
How does vascular spasm aid in hemostasis? It contracts the vessel immediatly, reducing blood loss
How does platelet formation plug formation aid in hemostasis? Helps fill the gap in the injured blood vessel wall
How does clotting aid in hemostasis? Slows down the movement of blood
What is the difference between a thrombus and an embolus? The clot is called the thrombus, it is called an embolus when it is being swept throught the blood stream.
What is a pulmanary embolism and why is one dangerous? When an embolus is lodged into the lungs, bloods the movement of blood to vital organs
What makes one blood group different from another? Their antigen
How is type A different from type B blood? A produces a B anitbody and B produces an A antibody
How is type AB different from A or B? They are two anitgens combined, instead of just a single one.
What does an anti-A antibody do? it reacts with antigen A
What does an anti-B antibody do? it reacts with antigen B
Who has and Anti-A antibody? Who doesn't? Everytype except A, and AB
Who has and Anti-B antibody? Who doesn't Everytype except B, and AB
What happens in an incompatiable blood transfusion? The patient has an allergic reaction
What is the difference between Rh+ and Rh- Blood? The Rh factor is found in Rh+ and not found in Rh-
What is anemia, and what are the symotoms? When the oxygen carrying capcity is reduced. Symptoms:fatigue, cold, pale skin
What is the cause of iron-deficiency anemia? inadequete absorption of iron, excessive loss of iron, or insuffiecient intake of iron
What is the cause of pernicious anemia? insufficient hemopoisis
What is the cause of hemorrhagic anemia? excessive loss of RBC from large wounds
What is the cause of hemolytic anemia? RBC plasma membranes rupture prematurely
What is the cause of thalassemia? Hereditary hemolytic anemias, abnormality in at least one of the four polypeptide chains
What is the cause of aplastic anemia? destruction of red bone marrow
What are the causes and symptoms of sickle cell anemia? Causes: Contains abnormal kind of hemoglobin Symptoms:oxygen reduction
What are the causes and symptoms of hemophilia? Causes:Deficientcy of clotting Symptoms: nosebleeds, blood in urine, tissue damage
What are the causes and symptoms of leukemia? Causes:uncontrolled producation and accumulation of immature leukocytes
What is the function labratory test done to determine a Reticulocyte? Measure volume of all blood components, meausres blood components that are out of range
What is the function of a Differential WBC count? Count various forms of WBC to assess for infections and manufacture of WBC's
What is the function of hematocrit? Counting the % of a blood sample that is composed of RBC's. Diagnoses anemia.
What is the function of the Complete blood count? Counting the volume of reticulocytes in a sample of blood measures rate of erythropoesis.
-emia blood condition
erythro(o)- red
gluc(o)- sugar, glucose
glyc(o)- sugar, sweet
hom(o), Hemat(o)- blood, hemorrhage
-rrhagia hemorrahage, excessive discharge
phleb(o) vein
thromb(o) blood clot