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UCMT Master's Kines

Cards about Master's Kinesiology.

QuestionAnswer
What is Human Kinesiology? The study of movementas it pertains to the human body.
Movement as it applies to a living organism is called... Biomechanics.
What is the study of the human structure called? Human Anatomy.
What is the study of the function of the human body called? Human Physiology.
What is a linear or sliding movement called? Translational movement.
What is a movement about a pivot point or axis in a circular motion called? Rotational (angular) movement.
What is an active movement? Movement created by activated movements. I.E. client moves own body.
What is a passive movement? Movement produced by external sources. I.E. Therapist moves cleint, gravity, or external pressure.
What is a muscular contraction in which the muscle fibers lengthen? Eccentric Contraction
What is a muscular contraction in which the muscle fibers lengthen? Concentric Contraction.
Name the types of Isotonic contractions. Eccentric and Concentric contractions.
What is a muscular contraction in which the muscle fibers don't change length at all? Isometric Contraction.
What are the three cardinal planes? Saggital, Frontal, and Horizontal.
In which plane do flexion/extension and plantarflexion/dorsiflexion occur? Saggital Plane.
In which plane do lateral flexion, adduction/abduction, and inversion/eversion occur? Frontal Plane.
In which plane do rotations, supination and pronation occur? Horizontal Plane.
What is an imaginary point around which rotation occurs? Axis of Rotation.
Which axis runs vertically around which rotations occur? Longitudinal Axis.
Which axis runs front to back around which abductiona dn adduction occur? Anteroposterior Axis.
Which axis runs right to left or side to side around which flexion and extension occur? Mediolateral Axis.
One Degree of Freedom... Movement along a single plane of space. (ex. elbow joint)
Two Degrees of Freedom... Movement along two planes of space. (ex. wrist joint)
Three Degrees of Freedom... Movement along three planes of space. (ex. shoulder joint)
Which are movements in which the distal segment rotates against a fixed proximal segment? Distal-on-proximal movements. (Kicking a soccer ball where the crus is distal and the thigh is proximal.)
Which are movements in which the proximal segment rotates against a fixed distal segment? Proximal-on-distal movements. (Squatting down where the crus is distal and the thigh is proximal.)
The three fundamental movements of the ball and socket are... Roll, Slide, and Spin.
A push or pull that can facilitate or restrict movement is... Force.
Tension is... pulling force.
Compression is... pushing force.
Bending is... a combination of tension and compression.
Shear force is... forces acting in parallel but opposite directions.
Torsion is... twisting force.
Forces generated within the body are... Internal Forces.
Forces originating outside of the body are... External Forces.
The pivot point around which the lever arm rotates, and most commonly within the body is a joint. Fulcrum.
Force applied to the lever system, and most commonly within the body is a muscle. In Force.
The force returned from the lever system. Out force.
A lever where the in force and out force are on opposite sides of the fulcrum. Class 1 Lever.
A lever where the in force and out force are unilateral on a fulcrum, where the the in force is further from the fulcrum. Class 2 Lever.
Created by: Jason Meinhart Lmt Jason Meinhart Lmt on 2012-02-02



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