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ch. 1 cells

sections 1 & 2

Name the 3 parts of cell theory. 1) All living organisms are composed of 1 or more cells. 2) Cells are the basic units of structure and function in all living organisms. 3) All cells are produced for other cells.
What are tiny structures inside cells that have specific functions? organelles
What is made of cellulose and gives a plant support and shape? cell wall
What controls what enters and leaves the cell? It is selectively permeable. cell membrane
Of what is the cell membrane made? a bi-layer of phospholipids
What is the control center of the cell? (the brain) nucleus
What is the cell's powerhouse? mitochondria
What make proteins? ribosomes
What are found only in plant cells that converts sunlight to energy through photosynthesis? chloroplasts
What is a storage container found only in plants? large vacuole
Who was the 1st person to discover cells Hooke
Who was the first person to discover living organisms in pond scum? Leeuwenhoek
What scientist stated all plants are made of cells? Schleiden
What scientist stated all animals are made of cells? Schwann
What scientist came up with the third part of cell theory? Virchow
What is the term for how large the image of an object is? magnification
What are the tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions? organelles
What type of organism does not have a nucleus? prokaryote
What is the term for how clear an object can be seen? resolution
What 2 parts do you use to carry a microscope? arm and base
What organelle houses ribosomes? rough E.R. (endoplasmic reticulum
What is attached to the nucleus and is used to transport proteins inside the cell? smooth E.R. (endoplasmic reticulum)
What is unravelled DNA found inside the nucleus? chromatin
What spot inside the nucleus makes ribosomes? nucleolus
What is a storage container for both food and wastes? vacuole
What digests food and invaders to the cell? lysosomes
What packages and delivers materials outside the cell? golgi body
What controls what enters and exits the nucleus? nuclear envelope (membrane)
What is a rod-like stucture of condensed DNA? chromosome
What 2 materials are needed by the mitochondria to create energy? What is this energy called? Glucose and oxygen are needed to make ATP
What are the 3 functions of the cytoplasm? 1) protect & cushion 2) transportation 3) chemical reactions
Created by: RMSScience7