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Just Organelles

Organelles and their function

Chromatin is a mass of genetic material composed of DNA and proteins that condense to form chromosomes
Cell the basic biological unit of living organisms containing a nucleus and a variety of organelles enclosed by a limiting membrane.
Cilia tiny hair-like projections on cell surfaces that move in a wavelike manner
Lysosomes organelles that originate from the Golgi apparatus and contain strong digestive enzymes
Microvilli the tiny projections on the free surfaces of some epithelial cells, increase surface area for absorption
Mitochondria the rod like cytoplasmic organelles responsible for ATP generation for cellular activities
Nucleolus sperical body within the nucleus, composed of protein, DNA, and RNA, that functions in the synthesis and storage of ribosomal RNA
Nucleus a dense central body in most cells containing the genetic material
Organelles specialized structure in a cell that perform specific metabolic functions
Peroxisomes organelle similar to lysosomes that contains enzymes that use molecular oxygen to oxidize various organic compounds
Plasma membrane membrane that encloses cell contents, regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Ribosomes an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that synthesizes proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) a network of channels running through the cytoplasm of a cell that serves in intracellular transportation, storage, synthesis, and packing of molecules
Smooth ER type of endoplasmic reticulum involved with the production of lipids (fats), building blocks for carbohydrate metabolism, and the detoxification of drugs and poisons
Rough ER type of endoplasmic reticulum, covered in ribosomes, involved mainly with the production and processing of proteins that will be exported, or secreted, from the cell.
Created by: bickhamsarah