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Weather/Ocean Vocab.

Weather State of the atmosphere at a specific time and place.
Latitude The angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point.
Density Mass of an object divided by its volume.
Climate Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time.
Atmosphere Earth's air which is made up of a thin layer of gases, solids, and liquids. It forms a protective layer around the planet.
Convection Transfer of heat by the flow of material.
Conduction Transfer of heat that occurs when molecules bump into each other.
Radiation Energy transferred by waves or rays.
Air Pressure The force exerted by air, whether compressed or unconfined, on any surface in contact with it.
Air Mass Large body of air that has the same characteristics of temperature and moisture content as the part of the Earth's surface over which it formed.
Wind Air in natural motion, as that moving horizontally at any velocity along the earth's surface.
Land Breeze Movement of air from land to sea at night; created when cooler, denser air from the land forces up warmer air over the sea.
Sea Breeze Movement of air from sea to land during the day when cooler air from above the water moves over the land, forcing the heated, less dense air above the land to rise.
Ocean Current The steady flow of surface ocean water in a prevailing direction.
Jet Stream Narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the troposphere.
Gulf Stream A warm ocean current flowing north from the Gulf of Mexico, along the eastern coast of the U.S., to an area off the southeast coast of Newfoundland, where it becomes the western terminus of the North Atlantic current.
Hurricane Large, severe storm that forms over tropical oceans, has winds of at least 120 km/h, and loses power when it reaches land.
Created by: S0404097