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sicence: weather un.

What is the source of nearly all the earths energy? The sun
Name the three forms of energy from the sun. Visible light, infrared radiation, and ultraviolet radiation.
What form of energy can cause skin cancer, eye damage, and sunburns? Ultraviolet radiation.
What form of energy can be felt as heat? Infrared radiation.
The energy that reaches earth is either _______ or __________ by the atmosphere or earths surface. Reflected or absorbed.
What is the green house affect? The process by which gases hold heat in the air.
Heat is transferred in what three ways? Radiation, conduction, and convection.
What causes wind? Horizontal movements of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
What instrument is used to measure wind direction? A wind vane.
What instrument is used to measure wind speed? An anemometer.
Which do you think will heat up more quickly on a sunny day, the water in a lake or the sand surrounding it? The sand.
What is the difference between a local and a global wind? Local winds blow over short distances and global winds blow over long distances.
Name the three major global winds? Trade winds, pervailing westerlies, and the polar easterlies.
How do clouds form? When water vapor in the air becomes liquid water.
What clouds indicate fair weather? All except Nimbus.
Do all clouds produce precipitation? No.
How does precipitation form? Condensation.
Can precipitation fall without clouds? No.
Which clouds indicate rain? Nimbus.
How do metearologists measure rainfall? Rain gauge.
In general, 1 inch of rain equals how many inches of snow? 10 inches.
What are the layers of the atmosphere? The tropisphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere, the ionosphere, and the exosphere.
As you increase in elevation, what happens to the density of the air? It decreases.
As you increase in elevation, what happens to the amount of water vapor? It decreases.
As you increase in elevation or altitude, what happens to the air pressure? It increases.
What are the two most abundant gases in the atmosphere? Oxygen and nitrogen.
If you started on the ground and moved toward space, what order would you move through the layers? Tropisphere, stratosphere, mesophere, thermosphere, ionosphere, exosphere.
What is the difference between a sea breeze and a land breeze? The land breeze is when the flow of a air goes toward the body of water, and the sea breeze is when the air comes from the body of water toward the land.
What is a global wind? Wind that is created by unequal heating of Earth's surface.
What is the coriolis effect? The way Earth's rotation makes the wind curve.
What is a monsoon? It is the sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the seasons.
What are the major global wind belts? Tradewinds, pervailing westerlies, and polar easterlies.
What is latitude? The distance from the equator measured in degrees.
How is a wind named? By where the wind is coming from or by where it is blowing to.
How is relative humidity measured? With a psychrometer.
What are the main types of clouds? Cumulus, Stratus, and Cirrus.
What are all of the types of clouds? Cumulus, Stratus, Nimbostratus, Cumulomimbus, Altostratus, Altocumulus, Cirrocumulus, and Cirrus.
What are the types of precipation? Rain, sleet, freezing rain, hail, and snow.
What is precipation? Any form of water that falls from clouds and reashes Earth's surface.
What are the types of air masses? Maritime Tropical, Continental Tropical, Maritime Polar, Continental Polar.
What are the four types of fronts? Cold fronts, warm fronts, stationary fronts, and occluded fronts.
What is a cyclone? A swirling center of low air pressure.
What are anticyclones? High pressure centers of dry air.
What is the definition of a storm? It is a violent disturbance in the atmosphere.
How do thunderstorms form? They form within large cumulonimbus clouds or thunderheads.
What is a tornado? It is a rapidly whirling funnel shaped cloud that reaches down from a stormcloud to touch Earth's surface.
How do tornados form? They develop in low heavy cumulonimbus clouds - the same clouds that bring thunderstorms.
What is a hurricane? It is a tropical storm that has winds of 119 kilometers per hour or higher.
How do hurricanes form? It begins over warm water as a low pressure area or tropical disturbance?
Created by: cassie2121(: