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6th Grade Ch 1

Ch 1 Sections 2 & 4

Characteristics of living organisms obtain and use energy, respond to stimuli, reproduce, and grow and develop
Required resources for life food, oxygen, and water
autotrophs make their own food for energy (plants)
heterotrophs cannot make their own food (animals)
respiration the process by which energy is released from food
stimulus any change in an organism’s surroundings that will cause the organism to react.
response The reaction to a stimulus
examples of environmental stimuli amount of light, changes in temperature, sound, amount of water, space, amounts and types of food.
Asexual reproduction a reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that is identical to the parent.
Sexual reproduction a reproductive process that involves two parents that produce offspring that are different from both parents.
female reproductive cell egg
male reproductive cell sperm
Growth the process whereby an organism becomes larger.
Development the process that occurs in the life of the organism that results in the organism becoming more complex structurally.
Organisms require _____ to grow and develop. energy
taxonomy The study of how scientists classify organisms
An organism is placed into a broad group and is then placed into more specific groups based its ______ structures
The levels of classification kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.
The more classification levels an organism shares with another, the more ____ they have in common. characteristics
The 5 Kingdoms Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists, Monerans
Organisms are placed into kingdoms based on their ability to ____ ______ and the number of _____ in their body. make food; cells
_____ are normally divided into two groups: vascular and nonvascular. Plants
The Animal Kingdom is divided into ___ different phyla. 35
The Animal Kingdom is divided into two groups vertebrates and invertebrates.
species organisms of the same type which are able to breed and produce young of the same kind.
The scientific name of an organism is made up of its ____ and ____. genus and species
When writing a scientific name the _____ name is capitalized. genus
Created by: Ms. Phillips