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DAW Lecture 8.1

Pro Tools 9: Mixing 2 (Lecture 8.1)

What is Grouping Tracks useful for? Useful for: o Editing several tracks in exactly the same way o Mixing several tracks while keeping them at the same relative level.
How many groups available? How many many banks of how many Group IDs? Up to 104 different groups are available. o 4 banks of 26 Group IDs
Quick Key for create new group CMD + G o Based off track selection o Can choose from dialog box
Which sides are dBD and dBFS on dBD =0, Left. dBFS= -6, Right
Mix / Edit Groups Combines both Edit and Mix elements
Groups List Group ID o Use Group Focus Letters to activate/deactivate
Region Group Only groups the regions view
Edit Groups Groups pan, automation, etc.
Bounce to Disk CMD + OPT + B = File > Bounce To Disk Renders entire or partial mix to disk Bounces a single output or bus Bounces in real time only!
Bounce to free up processing and/or voices Ping Pong Tracks • Make Tracks inactive • Use “To Selection” from import dialog box
Bounce for Red Book CD Choose 16Bit Dither on Master tracks last insert. • Remember “Inserts are post‐fader!” • Truncates bits allowing masked quantization error • Stereo Interleaved • 16bit/44.1Khz Only
Bounce for Submixes Creating mono or stereo files from group or category of tracks • Also referred as Stems or Bracketing • Examples: Drums, Instrument only track, Guitar only, Voice Up, Voice Down, Solo up, Solo Down, Sound Effects, Ambience Tracks……
Bounce for Mastering Use full resolution, do not use conversions o Stay away from Sample Rate Conversion if possible! • Always check with Mastering Engineer for: o Desired Peak and RMS values. o File Type and Format o Interleaved or Split?
Should we automate Master fader for Fade I/O? Do not automate Master fader for fade‐in/outs. o Otherwise, dynamics effects will not be consistent. o In mastering, they typically add fades to bounces with proper dithers.
Mixing MIDI Tracks Don’t use CC 7 & 10 (Volume & Pan) o Mix from Aux track due to higher resolution o Set Channel Volume to 127 to maximize S/N o Pan to Center or L/R, depending on channel setup
Recording Audio from MIDI controlled Tracks Commit real‐time synths/effects to an audio FILE! o Once committed, can take to multiple host applications o Always available in the future! o Never loose that perfect sound
3 Methods to Record Audio from MIDI 1. Rerecord Individual MIDI tracks 2. Bounce and Import 3. Bounce all in Realtime
3 Components of a DAW 1. Hardware 2. Software 3. Storage
DAW Hardware Central Processing Unit (CPU) ‐ The “brain” of the computer Digital Signal Processor (DSP) ‐ A chip specially designed for processing digital audio Audio Interface ‐ Physical audio connection to computer
DAW Software Application: Standalone program used for multitrack recording, editing and mixing Plug‐ins: An application within an application
DAW Storage Primary Storage: System/Work drive – Contains OS and software. Audio drive – Contains session files and all related session audio. Can record here Secondary Storage: Used for backup purposes. Example: CD‐R, DVD‐R, removable hard drive, tape drive, etc.
Host-Based System vs. Hardware-Based System: Ways for processing audio HostBased: Audio engine and plug‐in processing are handled by computer’s CPU. aka “Native” Ex: Pro Tools LE, Logic HardwareBased: Audio engine and plug‐in processing handled by DSP chips. May also use CPU for additional plug‐ins Ex: Pro Tools HD
Hybrid System: processing audio Host‐based system with added DSP chips  Audio engine and primary processing handled by CPU  DSP device runs its own plug‐ins • TC PowerCore Firewire • Universal Audio UAD2 (Laptop, Solo, Duo, Quad) • Waves APA32/APA44
Digital I/O: No A/D or D/A conversions • Perfect copy of original • Receiving device must follow clock of sending device o Clock is contained (embedded) in format. o All connected devices use same Sample Rate.
Digi 002 18 channels of I/O (only 10 above 48 kHz) 8-24bit/96 kHz analog audio inputs 4-XLR mic/line inputs with mic preamps and +48V phantom power 4-¼‐inch TRS +4/‐10 line‐level inputs 8-¼inchTRS 24bit/96 kHz analog outputs
Digi 002 Stereo ¼inch TRS monitor outputs with level control Stereo headphone output with level control Alt Source Input (L/R RCA) Use instead of 7/8 Monitor CD/DAT w/o recording Alt Main Out (L/R RCA)
Digi 002 8 channels of 24bit ADAT Optical digital I/O, 44.1 or 48 kHz only 2 channels of 24bit/96 kHz S/PDIF digital I/O, 1 MIDI In, 2 MIDI Out
Created by: la.maricha