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Abno Psychology

Flash Cards for Final Exam

Electro Convulsive Therapy? -causes brain to have seizures, in order to reduce/eliminate certain psychological disorders. -effective in treating depression
SSRI? Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors
What are SSRI's? -Taken for depression and anxiety -Ex. Prozac -Affects Serotonin Activity
Therapeutic Alliance -positive relationship between the therapist and the patient -can lead to improvements in symptoms, personality, and behavior
Instillation of hope Is a common factor
What are the Seven Major Families of Therapy? -Behavior Therapy -Cognitive Therapy -Experential Therapy -Therapy focused meaning -Interpersonal focus -System Therapy -Psychodynamic Therapy
Behavior therapy -believes that maladaptive behaviors, cognitions, and emotions stem from previous learning -and that new learning can allow patients to develop new maladaptive behavior, emotions, and cognitions
Cognitive Therapy -believes that mental contents influence feelings and emotions -its not what you do, it's how you perceive it -irrational thoughs and beliefs lead to psychological problems -correcting those thoughts will lead to better mood and more adaptive behavior
Psychodynamic Therapy -pays more attention to present experiences instead of looking at aggressive and sexual desires -based on psychoanalysis
System Therapy -designed to change communication patterns of one or more members of the family -Family strives to maintain homeostasis -When one family member changes then the other members are forced to change as well
Experiential Therapy -Non-directive -Directive -talks about experinces and feelings
Experiential Therapy (directive) -focus on non-verbal -the stance -the movements -on a dream -pretent that you are your mother
Interpersonal Focus -Look at patterns and styles -Look at if the person is dominant, dependent, or competitive -How does this person make you feel? -Focus on patient's relationships
Therapy Focused Meaning Frankl -"I will save my life with dignity as he would want" -"useful" -Positive Psychology
What are the Four Childhood Disorder Categories? 1. Emotional Disorders 2. Developmental Disorders 3. Eating and Habit Disorders 4. Disruptive Behavior
What are Emotional Disorder? 1.Depression- found mostly in girls after puberty 2. fear of dogs, clowns, and being left alone
What are Developmental Disorders? 1. Learning Disabilities 2. Autism 3. Childhood Disintegration Disorder 4. Asperger's Disorder 5. Retardation
What are Eating and Habit Disorders? 1. Tourettes 2. Coprolalia 3. Trichotillmania 4. Trichophagia
What are Disruptive Behaviors? 1.conduct disorder 2. opposional defiant disorder 3. ADD/ADHD
What is Asperger's Disorder? 1. Lack of awareness of other people's responses 2. Overwhelming passion for and activity or hobby 3.Can not understand social cues
What are the two social patterns of Asperger's? 1. socially isolated 2. socially annoying
What is Autism? 1. 1/150 babies are born with autism 2. seen predominantly in male children 3. impaired social functioning 4. impaired communication 5. restrictive/repetitive behavior
What is Aphasia? 1. problem with language
Brocha's Aphasia 1. problems producing language
Wernicke's Aphasia 1. problems comprehending and producing meaningful utterances
What is Agnosia? 1. when a person has difficulty understanding what they percieve 2. occurs without sensory or knowledge of object being impaired
What is Apraxia? 1. problems in organizing or carrying out voulntary tasks even though muscles are not impaired 2. problem is with brain and not with muscles
What is Delirium? 1.Disturbance of Conciousness (feeling confused) 2.Memory Loss 3.Symptoms develop quickly and fluctuate within a 24 hour period
Four Factors that Determine Whether Brain Damage will affect behavior/feeling 1.Location 2.Extent 3.Personality/Psychology of Person 4. Life Situation
What is Amnestic Disorder? 1. cognitive disease 2. deals soley with memory 3. Involves difficulty storing new information and retrieving old information
What are the Two types of Amnestic Disorder? 1. transient-lasting less than a month 2. chronic-lasting more than a month
What is Dementia? 1. defecit in learning new information or retrieving old information plus another type of cognitive impairment 2. arises after a period of time 3.People are diagnosed over the age of 65 4. age is the #1 risk factor
What are the four cognitive impairments? 1.aphasia 2.agnosia 3.apaxia 4. executive function
Executive Function problems planning, organizing, sequencing, initiating, and abstarcting
What are the differences between Delirium and Dementia? 1. Delirium occurs quickly over a 24 hour period, while Dementia occurs over time 2. people with dementia also have other cognitive impairments such as aphasia
Alzheimers Disease 1. Brain deterioration 2. Begins with problems with memory and executive functions 3.Psychotic symptoms may develop such as hallucinations and delusions
Vascular Dementia 1.blockage of blood to the brain
Ischemic Stroke 1. plaque builds up on artery walls, which make arteries narrow thus diminishing blood flow to the brain 2.bits of clotted blood block inside of arteries which prevents blood from reaching the brain
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy 1. Degenerate disease found in individuals who have suffered multiple concussions or head injuries 2. Football players are prone to this disease
How will the DSM-5 change Personality Disorders? 1. Narcissistic Personality Disorder 2.Paranoid Personality Diorder 3. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder 4.Histrionic Personality Disorder 5. Avoidant Personality Disorder 6. Dependent Personality Disorder
Obsessive Personality Disorder 1. person is anal-retentive:takes too much time with details 2. letter with payment
Avoidant Personality Disorder 1.inhibition 2. turn down promotions
Histrionic Personality Disorder 1.drama king 2.center of attention
Narcissitic Personality Disorder 1. attracted to yourself 2. low empathy
Paranoid Personality Disorder 1.believe that everyone is suspisicious and out to get you
Dependent Personality Disorder 1. Low self-confidence 2. "emeshed": thoughts are not seperate from thoughts of the family 3. "blood is thicker than water"
Six Dimensions of DSM-5 1. Negative Emotionality 2. Compulsivity 3. Introversion 4. Antagonism 5. Schizotypy 6. Disinhibition
Two types of sleeping disorders? 1. Dyssomania 2. Parasomnia
What is Dyssomania disturbances in the amount of sleep or quality of sleep
What is Parasomnia abnormal behavior during sleep
Examples of Dyssomnia 1. Sleep apnea- trouble breathing 2. Narcolepsy- excessive tiredness that leads to day time sleeps attacks 3. Circadian Rhythm Disorder
Examples of Parasomnia 1. Sleepwalking 2. Night Terrors 3. Nightmare Disorder
Created by: Sawiggy44