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Garner's Midterm

QuestionAnswer
culture combination of 3 things: values, material artifacts, and political institutions
habit a repetitive act that a particular individual performs
custom a repetitive act of a group, performed tot he extent that it becomes a characteristic of the group
folk culture traditionally practiced primarily by a small, homogeneous group living in an isolated rural area
popular culture found in large, heterogeneous societies that share certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
taboo a restriction on behavior imposed by social customs
dowry a gift from the family of a bride to the family of the groom, as a sign of respect. If no paid, the wife will often endure suffering and even murder. Murder are often covered up as a "kitchen accident"
language a system of communication through speech,a collection of sounds that a group of people understands to have the same meaning
literary tradition a system of written communication
official language the language used by the government for laws, reports, and public objects
standard language a dialect that is well established and widely recognized as he most acceptable for government, business, education, and mass communication
dialect a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
isogloss a word usage boundary
language branch a collection of languages related through a common ancestor hat existed several thousand years ago
language family a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history
language group a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
small language families 5% of of people in the world speak a language in one of the following families: afro-asiatic(Middle East) austronesian(Southeast Asia) niger-congo(Africa) dravidian(India)
large language families indo-european- 50% of people in the world speak a laguage in this family tibetan- 20% of people in the world speak a language in this family
ideograms represent ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations
isolated language a language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family
ebonics a dialect spoken by some african americans
franglais the widespread use of english in the french language
spanglish a combination of spanish and english
creol or creolized language a language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
extinct language once in use, but no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world
pidgin language a simplified form of a lingua franca
lingua franca a language of international communication
animism traditional ethnic religions
autonomous religion self-sufficient religions
branch a large and fundamental division within a religion
caste system the class or distinct hereditary order into which a hindu was assigned according to religious law
cosmogony a set of religious beliefs concerning the origins of the universe
denomination a division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body
diocese the basic unit of geographic organization in the roman catholic church
ethnic religion appeals primarily to a group of people living in one place
fundamentalism a literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principals of a religion
ghetto a city neighborhood set up by law to be inhabited only be a certain group of people
hierarchial religion a well defined geographic structure and organizes territory into local administrative units
missionary individuals who help transmit a universalizing religion through relocation diffusion
monotheism a religion that believes in only one god or almighty source
pagan a follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times
pilgrimage a journey for religious purposes to a place considered sacred
polytheism a religion that believes in two or more gods or almighty sources
sect a relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
solstice time when the sun is farthest form the equator
universalizing religion attempt to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world
GDI (Gender Developmental Index) created by the UN, using income, literacy, education, and life expectancy, to compare the level of development of women against men
What percent of refugees are women and children? 80%
longevity/gender gap the difference in the average length of life between males and females
what 10 countries have a higher life expectancy for men than for women? 1.burkina faso 2.mali 3.namibia 4.mosambique 5.niger 6.malawi 7.afghanistan 8.nepal 9.bangladesh 10.zimbabwe
maternal mortality rate number of women who die in childbirth or 42 days after
infanticide the intentional killing of infants
GEM(Gender Empowerment Measurement) compares the ability of women and men to participate in economic and political decision making
enfranchisement the right to vote
Created by: DreamDancer9 on 2011-12-12



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