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Ballet 1

final flashcards

Turn-out Dancer's ability to turn out his or her feet from he hip join, preferably to a 90 degree angle or more.
First Position refers to a standing position of the feet in which the heels are together.
Second Position refers to a position of the feet where the heels are placed shoulder-width apart.
Third Position refers to a turned-out position in which the right heel is placed at the arch of the left foot. This is a reversible position.
Fourth Position if one executes a tendu front from the fifth position and lowers the heel, fourth position is made.
Fifth Position Refers to a turned out position in which the right heel is placed directly in front of the left foot's toes. This is a reversible position
Plie (Bent) A bending of the knees. Demi-plie refers to a half bending of the knees in which the heels remain on the ground.
Tendu (Stretched) The working foot slides from the first or third position to fourth or second position while keeping in contact with the floor. Both knees must be kept straight.
degage (Disengaged) Similar to tendu, the working foot brushes through the tendu position to extend 45 degrees off the ground, and then closes to either 1st or 3rd position
Ron de Jambe (Cicular movment of leg) Usually this is a repetitive exercise in which the working foot brushes to the tendu position and performs a half circle, and brushes back to the tendu position.
A'Terre (1) En L'air (2) 1) Foot maintain's on the floor 2) the working leg is in the air
Frappe (To Strike) an exercise in which the working leg extends forcefully from a flexed position to the front, side, or back.
Fondu (sinking down or method) the working foot moves to the coupe position while the supporting leg executes a demi-plie. The supporting knee then straightens while the working leg extends to the front, side, or back.
Coupe (To Cut) A position in which the working foot is placed on the ankle of the supporting leg.
Releve (To Rise) A raising of the body, onto demi-pointe, which can either be on one or two legs.
Grand Battlement (Large Beating) A movement in which the working leg brushes through the tendu position to achieve a 90 degree angle (or better) in the air. This movement is performed to the front, side, and back.
Developpe (to develop) starting from 3rd position, the working foot travels up the leg- through couple and passe - extending out to a straight leg, either front, side or back. Usually done at 45 degrees or higher.
Derriere To the back
Devant To the front
Attitude Devant A position in which the dancer stands on one leg (known as the supporting leg) while the other leg (working leg) is lifted and well turned out with the knee bent at approximately 90-degree angle - to the back
En Croix In the pattern of a cross - Front side back side - as in tendues
Balance (Rocking step) Side - back - Front Plie - Releve - Plie
Pirouette (whirl of spin) A complete turn of the body on one foot
Pas de Bourree (Bourre Step) beginning R foot front step on the R foot bring L foot behind it, step to the side again with R foot, then finish by closing L foot front. Done in # of directions.
Changement (Changing of the foot) This is a jump that begins in 3rd position The dancer then jumps into the air with fully stretched legs and pointed feet and lands with the other foot in front.
Echappe (To escape) A movement in which the leg escapes from 3rd position to land in 2nd or 4th position, and then return back to 3rd position. his is normally accomplished with sautes.
Saute (To Jump) Refers to jumping movements I.E. Saute in 1st and 2nd position
Arabeque Position of the body in profile, supported on one leg, can be straight or in demi-plie, with the other leg extended behind and at right angles to it and the arms held in various harmonious positions creating a long line from fingertips to toes
chaines (chains of turns) A series of rapid turns on demi-pointe in a straight line, while holding the arms and legs in first position and spotting the head. each step turns the dancer 180 degrees.
Pique Turn (Pricked Turn) Turn excuted by stepping directly onto demi-pointe of the working foot on any desired direction (en dedans, en dehors) or position with the other foot raised in the air. P.T. has the working foot pointed at the back of supporting knee
Glissade (To guide) A traveling step executed by brushing the working foot in the desired direction, stepping on it, and then the other foot closes to it.
Chasse (Chased) A movement in which one foot literally chases the other out or its position. Step usually done in a series.
Port de Bras (carriage of the arms) A series of movements in which the arms moved gracefully from one position to another.
Temps lie Connected movement, transmitting the weight of the body from one position to another with a smooth rhythmical movement.
En dedans (Inward) This term indicates the direction of the working leg on relation to the supporing leg i.e. inward or towards the standing leg.
En dehors (Outward) This terms indicates the direction or moment of the working lef in relation to the supporting leg i.e. outward or away from
Adagio (At ease) A series of slow controlled movements which demonstrates the dancer's beauty and grace.
Allegro (quick, Lively) A series of quick, light movements, generally containing some type of jump demonstrating the dancer's speed and agility.
Pas de cheval (Step of the Horse) Starting from 3rd working goot travels up the leg through couple and passe - extending out to straight leg, either front, side, or back. Usually done at a 45 degrees or higher.
Pique (To prick) Working leg degages them the toes quickly touches the floor and then treturns to the degage height.
Soussus (Over/Under) Both feet spring to a tight releve position with one foot in front of the other.
Temps Leve This is a hop from one foot with the other raised in any position. The instep is fully arched when leaving the ground and the spring must come from the pointing of the toe and the extension of the leg after the demi-plié.
Detourner Turn at the barre. Legs switch. If the leg was in the back before, it is now in the front after the turn.
Cloche Meaning "as a bell". Refers to grand battements executed continuously devant and derrière through the first position.
Attitude Derriere A position in which the dancer stands on one leg (known as the supporting leg) while the other leg (working leg) is lifted and well turned out with the knee bent at approximately 90-degree angle - to the back
Pas de chat (step of the cat)
waltz turn begins as stepping on the right foot on the "and" count and brushing the left forward into degagé then stepping left, right in demi-pointe then stepping right, left again The waltz step can be repeated in a chain as long as desired.
First Port de bra en-ba, first, second, down
Third Port de Bra En-ba, first third, second, down
Tombe The act of falling. Typically a beginning movement. switches the weight distribution and leans on the extended leg, which is placed on the floor in a deep plié. This leaves the working leg straightened but lifted slightly off the floor.
Created by: trishyybaby