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Sociology - E4 - P2

Sociology - Exam 4 - Part 1 - Chapter 11

socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important Race
shared cultural heritage Ethnicity
any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart & subordinates Minority
greater power, privileges, and social status Dominant
rigid & unfair generalization about an entire category of people Prejudice
simplified description applied to every person in some category Stereotype
how closely people are willing to interact Social distance
belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another Racism
prejudice comes from frustration among people who are disadvantaged Scapegoat
prejudice is a personality trait Authoritarian Personality
prejudice is part of the culture in which we all learn & live Culture
prejudice is a tool used by powerful people to justify privilege for themselves and to oppress others Conflict
unequal treatment of various categories of people Discrimination
2 types of Discrimination Institutional Individual
all races & ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing Pluralism
minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture Assimilation
physical & social separation of categories of people Segregation
systematic killing of one category of people by another Genocide
Who are the “invisible minority”? Native Americans
Year in which Native Americans were declared wards of the government 1871
Year of Wounded Knee 1890
Indian Removal Act of 1830 led to? Trail of Tears (4000 deaths)
declared that only white immigrants could apply for citizenship Naturalization Act of 1790
Year of Dred Scott decision 1857
Year of 13th Amendment, emancipation 1865
Year of 14th Amendment, overruled Dred Scott 1868
Year supreme Court ruled blacks could vote in Southern primaries 1944
Year supreme court ruled that black have the legal right to attend same public schools 1954
________ are the largest racial or ethnic minority Hispanics
Civil Rights Movement consisted of what acts? Civil Rights Act of 1964 Voting Rights Act of 1965 Fair Housing Act of 1968
Currently, about how many immigrants come to the United States each year? 1.5 million
According to the most recent data, African Americans accounted for about what percentage of the U.S. population? 12.8%
In 2010, African Americans accounted for _____ of members of the House of Representatives and ___ member(s) of the Senate. 9%, 1
Created by: K1N1V