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DAW Lecture 5 & 6

Pro Tools 9: Recording/MIDI 1 (Lectures 5 & 6)

Voices in Pro Tools • Voice – an audio event ‐ Playing audio ‐ Recording audio • A pathway to or from storage ‐ Playing audio ‐ Recording audio
Voices in Pro Tools Voice-able Track Limits: • 48 maximum simultaneous tracks available for recording OR playback. -Can not exceed 48 mono or stereo with combined record and playback. (Inactive audio tracks do not use voices) Pro Tools LE supports 128 inactive audio tra
Voices in Pro Tools Music Production Toolkit 2 & DV Toolkit 2 • 64 tracks of recording OR playback • Can either be mono or stereo
The Recording Process: Steps 1-3 1. Do you have enough disk space? Window – Disk space 2. Name Audio Track: Recorded files take their names from tracks 3. Assign Inputs: To set the input on an audio track, click the track’s Input Selector and choose the correct Input Source.
The Recording Process: Steps 4 -5 4. Verify System Input Routing: Make sure that the physical connections. Match the inputs that you assigned. 5. Record-enable an audio track: Once engaged, the fader will turn red, indicating that Pro Tools is ready to receive audio.
The Recording Process: Steps 6-7 6. Set level: • Source signal (instrument or mic pre-amps) determines level of signal recorded. •Faders in Pro Tools do not change level going to hard drive! 7. Shortcuts for Record • CMD + Spacebar • NUM 3 or • F12 (may be assigned to OS command
Recording Process: Metering • Maximum digital level is called Full Scale; dBFS (or dB FS) means • • 0 dBFS = full scale • All numbers are negative, since there is nothing above full scale • Digital meters read down from “Full Scale”
Recording Process: Levels • Good practices and metering rules for recording ‐ Peak @ -6dBFS ‐ RMS - 20dBFS
Recording Process: Pre-fader Metering • Options > Pre-Fader Metering • Faders do not allow metering changes on input • Very useful for knowing exactly what levels are going to hard drive.
Monitoring Options: Input Only Monitoring (OPT + K) ‐ Track>Input Only Monitoring ‐ Monitors source input on record-enabled tracks ‐ Regions on record-enabled tracks are not heard, even during playback ‐ The green light by the record button is lit when this mode is enabled.
Monitoring Options: Auto Input Monitoring ‐ Monitors playback of record-enabled track until you are recording ‐ Monitors live input Link Record and Playback Faders ‐ Independent fader levels between recording and playback. ‐ Record fader controls monitoring level ‐ Setup>Preferences>Options
OPT + K Toggles between Input Only & Auto Input
Dealing with Monitoring Latency The delay between an input and the output through which it’s monitored. • Caused by buffering of audio at CPU • Creates an unwanted chorusing or echo sensation
Hardware Buffer Use lowest practical buffer size to lower monitoring latency. • Setup > Playback Engine
Low Latency Monitoring • 002/003 only: Minimizes monitoring latency ‐ Use when Hardware Buffer can’t be set low enough • Bypasses Inserts & Sends on record-enabled tracks and all Aux tracks ‐ Aux Inputs won’t bounce • Options>Low Latency Monitoring
Zero Latency Monitoring Mbox only: Loops input signal directly back to output Analog input only! (bypasses A/D/A conversion) Use when Hardware Buffer can’t be set low enough Mix knob controls ratio of input to Pro Tools playback Mute record-armed track to prevent echo
Zero Latency Monitoring A. K. A. “Direct Monitoring”
Auto-Punch Recording Default mode of punch-in/out • Selection-based recording ‐ Punch in/out at start/end of selection ‐ Timeline arrows turn red on record-enable • Use Pre-Roll and Post-Roll ‐ Set on Transport OR ‐ Option-click in track ‐ Drag orange flags in timebase
Non-Destructive Record Auto-Punch • Default Mode • All takes are kept • Punch In/Punch Out at cursor or selection (blue/red arrows) • Pre-/Post-Roll (orange flags) • Auto Input Monitor vs. Input Only Monitor
Destructive Record • Directly overwrites audio file - Just like tape! ‐ Replaces original data on disk ‐ Alters any regions that refer to that portion of the whole file region ‐ NO UNDO ‐ CAN CANCEL (Command-period) ‐ NO Revert to Saved ‐ Has no shortcut key
QuickPunch • Enables multiple punches in a single pass ‐ Up to 200 running punches ‐ Auto Punch only allows one punch 1. Record-arm track(s) 2. Start playback 3. Press Record to punch in 4. Press Record to punch out
QuickPunch Each record-armed track requires one extra voice-able track. Armed mono/st track uses two voice-able tracks in QP Optional crossfade at punches Setup>Preferences>Editing>QuickPunch X-fade length • Pedals can be used to punch in/out on 002/003
QuickPunch Editing: CMD + Trim moves punch point. Instant monitor switching.
Loop Recording ‐ Creates new region on each pass ‐ One whole file contains all passes end-to-end ‐ Pre-roll is used only on first pass ‐ Selection must be at least one second long
Matching Takes List ‐ Pop-up list of alternative takes/loops ‐ CMD + Click w/Selector on region ‐ Cursor at beginning of loop region, or ‐ Region selected
Matching Takes List ‐ Can swap takes while playing ‐ Every Loop Record pass shares the same start time ‐ Start Time = User Time Stamp: time of recording saved within file!
Matching Criteria (CMD + Click on region in playlist) • A filter for alternate matches • Region Start and End ‐ Only regions that match region length ‐ Used mostly with “separate region on all related takes”
Matching Start time Takes List Preferences Setup>Preferences>Editing>Regions • Separate Region operates on all related takes ‐ Splitting displayed region (CMD+E or “B” Key) affects all loops
Regions List Menu: Clear Removes currently selected regions from Regions List to reduce clutter ‐ Remove: removes region(s) from session ‐ Delete: removes region(s)s from session and DELETES any selected whole files from disk; cannot Undo
Deleting a Whole File Used by different regions in a track Pro Tools can remove regions from the session playlist and the regions list, but will not delete the parent audio file. This acts like Removing a Source File, but without being completely destructive.
Compact – Deletes unused portions of an audio file to reclaim wasted disk space. ‐ Padding = “handles” for trimming or fades
Export Region Definitions ‐ Region definitions are written to the parent audio file. ‐ Export region definitions when you want to use specific regions in other sessions or programs.
Export Regions As Files ‐ Allows you to export selected audio regions as new audio files ‐ Can choose different resolutions and/or file formats.
Time Stamp Selected ‐ Re-defines start time of audio region. ‐ Often used in posting situations
Up to how many MIDI tracks? Number of fixed ppqn? Display Resolution? • Up to 256 MIDI tracks • 960,000 ppqn (fixed) ‐ Display resolution is 960 ppqn
MIDI in ProTools (Basics) • All MIDI messages are supported ‐ Can’t view or edit SysEx details ‐ Limited editing of Poly Pressure • MIDI is played during Bounce ‐ Can bounce MIDI tracks with audio in real time without recording them to audio tracks first
MIDI Input Choose the MIDI device from which Pro Tools will accept information ‐ All – any enabled MIDI input device  Merges inputs, e.g. keyboard + fader bank ‐ Device/Channel – specific device to each track
MIDI Output Assign MIDI device and channel for playback of MIDI data on track
Program Button Opens Program Select dialog ‐ A.k.a Patch Select button/dialog
Patch Select Dialog Allows user to specify the bank and patch the assigned MIDI device will use
MIDI Track Meter -Shows MIDI velocity and other messages. -Shows presence of other messages, not values
Track View Choose which MIDI data to view
Regions View Move MIDI information in chunks ‐ Default view for new MIDI track ‐ Cannot move individual notes in this view ‐ Editing MIDI regions is a lot like editing audio  Trim, Capture, Separate, Duplicate, Repeat... ‐ Automatically scales to show all notes
Notes View -Edit individual notes -Some DAWs call this the “Piano Roll” view
Velocity View: Edit Note-on velocities Edit Note-on velocities ‐ Drag Velocity “stalks” ‐ Can also edit Notes ‐ Cannot view or edit Note-off velocities here
Controller View ‐ Only common controllers are listed; others must be added  Add/Remove Controller ‐ For editing only: Pro Tools can record and play back controllers even if they are hidden.
Mute property of track, not a MIDI message. All other data is contained within MIDI Regions.
Cannot be viewed in track - Poly Pressure - Note-off Velocity - SysEx data (blob only
Track Height • Single note display ‐ One note high, doesn’t scroll up/down ‐ Useful for drum parts
MIDI Configuration: Setup Setup  MIDI  MIDI Studio… • Mac: AMS (Audio MIDI Setup) ‐ Function of OS X • PC: MSS (MIDI Studio Setup) ‐ Function of Pro Tools
MIDI Configuration: Patch Names • MIDI Track  Patch Select dialog  Change ‐ .midnam extension • Mac Patch Name File location ‐ Library/Audio/MIDI/Patch Names/Digidesign • PC Patch Name File location ‐ Program Files\Common Files\Digidesign\Patch Names\Digidesign
MIDI Editing: Regions List: • Contains MIDI regions • Unlike audio regions, MIDI data is stored in session file
MIDI Editing: Step Entry  Enter notes from MIDI controller  Non-real time
Is MIDI Editing usually Destructive? Y/N Yes: Changes region without creating a new region • You can use Undo w/ Exceptions:
Exceptions in Undoing Destructive MIDI Editing ‐ More than one copy of the region is in use ‐ Middle of region is deleted in Regions view ‐ Middle of region is deleted in Notes view in Shuffle mode • If selected with Selector (see exceptions under Grabber)
MIDI Editing: Selector’s behavior is __________. Unchanged: Selections and edits are normally based on Note-on, not Note-off ‐ See exceptions under Grabber
MIDI Editing: Grabber • On regions – like audio regions • On notes: ‐ Move, transpose ‐ OPT-drag to copy ‐ Shift-click to add to selection ‐ Drag (“lasso”) ‐ Double Click to delete note
MIDI Editing: Grabber • Exceptional behaviors: ‐ Lasso grabs any note it touches, even Note-off ‐ Grabber selections don’t include time selection, only notes  This will cause Shuffle mode to act like Slip
Trim Tool • Trims Note On/Off in Notes view • Trims controllers & velocity track views ‐ On controllers views its based on region boundary or selection where as, ‐ Velocity view is based on selection
Can you trim a MIDI region longer than its original length? • Unlike audio, you can trim a MIDI region longer than its original length ‐ Useful for maintaining “looping” edits (Duplicate, Repeat)
Pencil Tool: On Note ‐ In Middle of Note - Pencil defaults to Grabber ‐ Double Click to delete note ‐ Start and end of note – Trim Tool ‐ OPT click to erase
Pencil Tool: Off Note Defaults to drawing in new Notes ‐ OPT – Momentary Selector Tool ‐ CNTRL – Drag to Lasso
Line Pencil Series of notes based on Grid ‐ Custom Note Duration: Duration is separate from Grid resolution • Insert program change • Draw Velocity • Draw Controllers
Pencil Tool Resolution ‐ Spacing of drawn controllers ‐ Setup > Preferences > MIDI ‐ Small value requires more MIDI bandwidth  Especially important: ‐ When working with external MIDI using standard MIDI cables with… ‐ High density MIDI information
Zoomer • Marquee Zoom – CMD-drag Zoomer to zoom selected notes horizontally and vertically • Independent MIDI and Audio Zoom o CNTRL - drag  vertically to zoom notes/audio vertically on one track  Horizontal - to zoom notes/audio horizontal on one track
Merge Paste ‐ Adds copied notes to existing data
Grid/Groove Quantize ‐ Conforms timing of MIDI/Audio/Elastic events to a defined grid for improved timing or for a particular rhythmic feel ‐ Quantize acts on selection
What can we quantize in Groove/Grid?  Timing  Duration  Velocity
Input Quantize ‐ Same as Grid/Groove Quantize except… ‐ Don’t forget to Enable Input Quantize
Groove: grid derived from a “live” performance?  Less Mechanical  Template can be extracted by Beat Detective  Presets  User-defined
Restore Performance ‐ Reverts all selected MIDI notes to their original state ‐ Attributes to restore  Timing (Quantization)  Duration  Velocity  Pitch ‐ Can be used to remove Input Quantize ‐ Not affected by saving your session
Flatten Performance ‐ Locks the current state of selected notes ‐ Creates a new “restore to” state for specified note attributes
Select/Split Notes ‐ Filters notes from selection ‐ Chord notes must be within 5 ticks ‐ Addition of specific criteria based on note length, place in time and velocity value ‐ Example using Pitch Criteria
Select/Split Notes ‐ Option to “Split” anything in the selection criteria ‐ Split = Select + Cut/Copy + new track (opt.)
REX Recycle Export
X-Form Time Stretching; like elastic audio
Created by: la.maricha