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Science Ch.6 1-2

Section 1-2

full moon phase the occurs when all of the moon's surface facing Earth reflects light
waning describes phases that occur after a full moon, as the lighted side of the moon grows smaller
solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes directly between the sun and Earth and costs a shadow over part of earth
lunar eclipse occurs when Earth's shadow falls on the moon
maria dark colored, relatively flat regions of the moon formed when ancient lava reached the surface and filled craters on the Moon's surface
sphere a round, three dimensional object whose surface is the same distance from its center at all points
axis imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth and around which Earth spins
rotation spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24 hours to complete and causes day and night to occur
revolution Earth's year long elliptical orbit around the sun
ellipse elongated, closed curve that describes Earth's year-long around the sun
solstice twice-yearly point at which the sun reaches its greatest distance north or south of the equator
equinox twice-yearly time ---each spring and fall-when the sun is directly over the equator and the number of daylight and night time hours are equal worldwide
moon phase change in appearance of the Moon as viewed from the Earth,, due to the relative positions of the moon, earth and sun.
New moon moon phase that occurs when the moon is between earth and the sun, at which point the moon cannot be seen because its lighted-half is facing the sun and its dark side faces Earth.
waxing describes phases following a New moon, as more of the moon's lighted side becomes visible
Created by: nelsonclan6