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Black Saga 1800s II

Black Saga 1800s Part II

In 1829, Elizabeth Lange, a Haitian refugee living in Baltimore,and others started the first order of black nuns in the nation. They started the oldest continuously operating black Catholic School in the US. Name the order. Oblate Sisters of Providence
In 1829, this enslaved African American published his first book of poems, The Hope of Liberty, the first full volume of poems since Phillis Wheatley’s. He paid his slaveholder 50 cents a day to earn money by selling his “love lyrics” to students. George Moses Horton
In 1790, less than 700,000 enslaved black people lived in the South. Forty years later in 1830, how many black people lived in this region? just over 2 million
The “Ancient Burying Ground” located in this city has graves dating back to 1648. Among white citizens, 300 black people (free and enslaved) and 5 “Black Governors” are believed to be buried here. “Black Governors” were elected by their fellow blacks. Hartford, Connecticut
Enslaved black people picked cotton on plantations throughout the MS delta region. Enslaved blacks here picked an average of 323 lbs. a day. This amount was unusual. Plantation overseers were generally satisfied if how many pounds were picked a day? 200
On May 28, 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed this law that literally forced the Cherokees, Creeks, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Seminoles off their land in the southeastern region of the United States and moved them over the “trail of tears” to OK. Indian Removal Act
This white woman wrote popular and highly successful history novels during the early 1800s. In 1831, she attended a public meeting where she heard William Lloyd Garrison give a speech against slavery. Lydia Maria Child
What do Benjamin Lundy, William Lloyd Garrison, and Elijah Lovejoy have in common? They were white abolitionists who published newspapers.
On August 21, 1831in Southampton County, VA, this enslaved black preacher believed that God had chosen him to lead blacks to freedom. He and 70 enslaved black followers began a two-day rebellion.The leader of this revolt was brought to trial and executed. Nat Turner
In 1831, this African American woman, along with 16 black and white women, founded the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. She was a leading abolitionist, community activist, and generous giver to social and abolitionist causes. Charlotte Forten, Sr.
By this time, slavery was commonplace throughout most of the South. In fact, it was also common that “childhood” for slaves ended on this birthday. From then on they either worked in the fields alongside their parents. 12th
In 1831, these two brothers and businessmen established the first Anti-Slavery Society in NY. Two years later in 1833 it became a national organization and one of the brothers was elected its first President. Arthur Tappan and Lewis Tappan
In 1836, this Harvard-educated attorney gave up his practice in Boston to work entirely for abolitionist causes. He joined the American Anti-Slavery Society and began working with William Lloyd Garrison, publisher of the Liberator. Wendell Phillips
This black person was born in DE in 1795. He was trained for the ministry and later became pastor of NY City’s first African American Presbyterian Church. In 1827, he joined with John Russwurm to publish this country’s first African American newspaper. Samuel Eli Cornish
On January 1, 1831, this abolitionist published the first issue of his antislavery newspaper,The Liberator, in Boston. It quickly became a leading newspaper for African Americans in Boston and throughout the East. He relied heavily on blacks for support. William Lloyd Garrison
On February 22, 1832, a group of black women organized the first all-black female antislavery society whose constitution focused on self-improvement as well as antislavery activities. Name the city and state where this society was formed. Salem,Massachusetts
This university in PA is often referred to as the oldest black university in the US. In 1832, Richard Humphreys, a Philadelphia Quaker, left $10,000 in his will to establish a school for blacks. It was originally called the Institute for Colored Youth. Cheyney University
Prudence Crandall, a white woman who was educated at a Society of Friends school, started her own private academy for girls in this small place. It was a success until she admitted a black girl. When she refused to change her policy, her school closed. Canterbury, Connecticut
This college was founded in Ohio in 1833 as the first coeducational college in the country.It opened its doors with a total enrollment of 44 students, 29 of them men and 15 women. Oberlin College
This African American in Philadelphia is credited with influencing William Lloyd Garrison’s views against colonization. James Forten
In 1833, this organization led by William Lloyd Garrison, Arthur and Lewis Tappan,James Forten, was organized in Philadelphia. This Society launched effectively planned attacks on slavery. The group strongly believed that slavery was illegal and immoral. American Antislavery Society
This black woman was born in 1803 and became the first American-born woman of any color to deliver a series of public lectures. She had no formal education until her 20s, but had strong political and religious beliefs. She was influenced by David Walker. Maria Stewart
In 1834, black leaders in Philadelphia, Robert Purvis, William J. Whipper, and James Forten, argued that racial prejudice would continue if blacks formed special and separate organizations. American Anti-Slavery Society
This person, the son of a wealthy cotton broker in Charleston, SC became one of the strongest abolitionists in the country in the 1830s. In 1833, he established the Library Company of Colored People and the Anti-Slavery Society in Philadelphia. Robert Purvis
In 1835, a mob disrupted a meeting of the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society, took this individual from the meeting, and then dragged him through the streets of Boston. Authorities wrestled him from the mob and jailed him “ for his own protection.” William Lloyd Garrison
This African American was the son of a white Pennsylvania businessman and a black servant. He inherited his father’s lumberyard, and along with a free black partner made the business prosper. He believed that "freedom was an inherent right." Name him. William Whipper
In 1835, who was the second known enslaved black person in the U.S. to receive a patent? He was granted patents for two inventions, the mechanical corn planter (1835)and the cotton planter (1836). Henry Blair
In 1835, the first building in this country was erected for the sole purpose of serving as a public school for black children. It was built in Boston, MA with money left in a will by a white abolitionist to the city of Boston to educate black children. Abiel Smith or Abiel Smith School
This enslaved African American was born in Maryland but escaped with his family to New York City when he was nine years old. He became a minister and believed that the only answer to slavery was resistance with weapons. Henry Highland Garnet
In about 1836, Francis McWorter mapped out 144 lots that became the first town to be incorporated by a black person in the United States. It became a racially integrated town in a segregated era. New Philadelphia, Illinois (about 100 miles west of Abraham Lincoln’s home in Springfield)
Two sisters, daughters of a Quaker judge of the SC Supreme Court, were outspoken female abolitionists. One daughter published Appeal to the Christian Women of the South; the other published Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern States in 1836. Angelina Grimke and Sarah Moore Grimke
On May 26, 1836, the U.S. House of Representatives adopted a rule whereby any petition against slavery was set aside with no further action. John Quincy Adams and Joshua Giddings mounted a major assault against this rule. Name the rule. "gag rule"
Windsor, Sandwich, New Canaan, Colchester, and St. Catherines are settlements in Canada that became home for formerly enslaved black people. More than 40,000 enslaved Africans fled to these communities and others in Canada before the Civil War. Niagara River
Many enslaved black people who fled to Canada to escape slavery arrived in this town,a station on the Underground Railroad, directly across the border from Buffalo, NY. One home in this town had a secret room for people to hide. Fort Erie, Canada
In 1837, freedom of the press and abolitionism were combined in a single cause when the editor of the Alton Observer was killed defending his right to publish antislavery material. The mob of pro-slavery activists also dumped his printing press. Elijah P. Lovejoy
This abolitionist, a lawyer in the Kentucky Legislature in 1816 and later elected to the Alabama Legislature in 1819, became a strong opponent of slavery. After starting his abolitionist newspaper, the Philanthropist in 1836. James Birney
In 1837, he became the first African American to earn a medical degree and practice as a medical doctor. He received his early education in New York City, but went to Scotland where he earned a bachelor’s, master’s and a medical degree. James McCune Smith
This African American, born free in CN, helped as many as 600 enslaved African Americans, including Frederick Douglass, escape to freedom via the Underground Railroad. He was active in many anti-slavery activities. He was an agent for the Liberator. David Ruggles
On the eastern edge of Princeton, IL stands the home of a noted outspoken abolitionist and minister. He is perhaps best known for his role in the Illinois Underground Railroad and his home served as a “station” on the network. Owen Lovejoy
He was a co-founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and in his home, he is said to have had a booby-trapped door, dubbed "Saint's Rest" which concealed a secret room where fugitives could hide. He also supported the "Free Produce Movement. Robert Purvis
Mutinies frequently occurred aboard ships transporting enslaved Africans to the Americas. One famous mutiny occurred in 1839 when Cinque and his “captured” followers seized a slave ship. Amistad
Although there was considerable support among abolitionists to free the “mutineers” of the Amistad, several Americans were central to their court case and eventually their freedom and return to Africa. Name the former President. John Quincy Adams
In 1838, this minister and Phillip A. Bell became co-owners of The Colored American (the fourth weekly newspaper published by African Americans). In 1839, he became sole-owner and editor. Charles B. Ray
Theodore Weld, a white abolitionist, is often credited with building Ohio’s antislavery society into the largest in the nation with some 4,000 members. In 1839, he published one of the most factual books ever written on the nature of slavery. Slavery As It Is
Created by: eckprime