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ADH Anti-diuretic hormone
Posterior pituitary gland anti-diuretic hormone, and oxytocin
ADH increases the reabsorption of water by kidney tubules, which decreases the amount of fluid formed
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of the uterus at the end of pregnancy, stimulates mammary glands
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone
FSH stimulates (women) production of eggs in the ovary
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone
TSH stimulates the thyroid, causes it to secrete more thyroxine and T3
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone
ACTH increases the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland
PRL Prolactin
PRL targets the mammary glands
GH Growth hormone
GH increases protein synthesis, rate of mitosis, increases the use of fats
LH Luteinizing hormone
LH affects (women) causes ovulation
LH affects (men) increases secretion of testosterone by testes
FSH stimulates (men) sperm production in testes
Thyroid gland secretes Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and calcitonin
T3 and T4 affect metabolism/energy production
Calcitonin decreases amount of calcium that goes from bones to blood
PTH parathyroid hormone
PTH affects causes more calcium from bone to blood, increases amount of calcium absorbed in small intestine
PTH is stimulated by hypocalcemia
Adrenal medulla secretes epinephyrine and norepinephrine
Norepinephrine causes vasoconstriction in skin and skeletal muscles
Epinephrine causes increase in heart rate and force of hearbeat, causes vasodilation in skeletal muscles, dilates the bronchioles, decreases peristalsis, and increases energy production
Aldosterone increases the reabsorption of sodium and the excretion of potassium by the kidney tubules
Cortisol decreases inflammation
Cortisol is released during psychosocial stress
Somatostatin decreases secretion of insulin/glucagon
Estrogen promotes the maturation of the ovum in the ovarian follicle and stimultes the growth of blood vessels in the endometrium
Estrogen is stimulated by FSH
Progesterone promotes the storage of lycogen and the further growth of blood vessels in the endometrium, which thus become a potential placenta. It also influences the secretory cells of the mammary glands
Progesterone is stimulated by LH
Inhibin (women) decreases the secretion of FSH by the anterior pituitary gland and GnRH by the hypothalamus
Testosterone Steroid hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes
Testosterone is stimulated by LH
Inhibin (men) decreases the secretion of FSH
Inhibin is stimulated by increased testosterone
PGs Prostaglandins
PGs are involved in inflammation, pain mechanisms, blood clotting, vasoconstriction and vasodilation, contraction of the uterus, reproduction, secretion of digestive glands and nutrient metabolism.
Created by: akikoandpoog