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Myers 9 Chapter 14

Bell West / Psychological Disorders

QuestionAnswer
psychological disorder deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns.
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms;extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
medical model the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital.
DSM-IV-TR The American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, with an updated "text revision", a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
anxiety disorders phychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
generalized anxiety disorder an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
panic disorder an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.
phobia an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
obsessive-compulsive disorder an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions).
post-traumatic stress disorder an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insominia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience.
post-traumatic growth positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises.
somatoform disorder psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause.
conversion disorder a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found.
hypochondriasis a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.
dissociative disorders disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
dissociative indentity disorder a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Formerly called multiple personality disorder.
mood disorders psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
major depressive disorder a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
mania a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
bipolar disorder a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
schizophrenia a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions and inappropriate emotions and actions.
delusions false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
personality disorders psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
antisocial personality disorder a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artisit.
Created by: rkratina on 2011-11-18



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