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Speech Review

Speech Quizzes

Communication The process of using messages to generate meaning
Receiver A message target
Source A message initiator
Message A verbal/nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person (the source) wishes to communicate to another person or group of people (the receivers)
Encoding The process of translating an idea or thought into a code
Decoding The process of assigning meaning to an idea or thought in a code
Seven Advantages to Studying Communication Improve how you see yourself Improve how others see you Improve your knowledge of human relations Learn important life skills Help you succeed professionally Exercise right to freedom of speech Help you navigate the diverse world
Culture A system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts the the members of a society use to cope with one another and with their world
Role The part an individual plays in a group; an individual's function or expected behavior
Self-actualization According to Maslow, the fulfillment of one's potential as a person
Attribution The assignment of meaning to people's behavior
Face The socially approved and presented identity of an individual
Tactile Communication The use of touch in communication
Illustrators Nonverbal movements that accompany or reinforce verbal messages
Proxemics The study of the human use of space and distance
Emblems Nonverbal movements that substitute for words and phrases
Chronemics The way people organize and use time and the messages that are created because of their organization and use of it
Kinesics The study of bodily movements, including posture, gestures, and facial expressions.
5 Categories of Movement Illustrators Emblems Affect Displays Regulators Adaptors
Why is tactile communication an important part of nonverbal communication? Tactile communication can assign a meaning to a message. It can make a message comforting or even threatening. How comfortable you are with tactile communication can pertain to how comfortable you are with your life and yourself.
Active Listening Involved listening with a purpose
Automatic attention The instinctive focus we give to stimuli signaling a change in our surroundings, stimuli that we deem important, or stimuli that we perceive to signal danger.
Schema Organized "filing systems" for thoughts held in long-term memory
Selective attention The sustained focus we give to stimuli we deem important
Empathetic listening Listening with a purpose and attempting to understand the other person
Critical listening Listening that challenges the speaker's message by evaluating its accuracy, meaningfulness, and utility
What are the 4 types of listening? Explain each one. Active - actually receiving a message with intent to react, not just hearing Selective - choosing who or what you want to listen to Empathetic - listening to and understanding the speaker's thoughts and emotions Critical - listening for meaning
Barriers to effective listening Noise - Physical, mental, factual, semantic Perception of Others - Status, stereotypes, sights and sounds Yourself - egocentrism, defensiveness, experiential superiority, personal bias, pseudolistening
Demonstrating active listening with nonverbal communication eye contact lean forward facial expressions and head movement open body position respond vocally
Brainstorming A creative procedure for thinking of as many topics and you can in a limited time
Audience Analysis The collection and interpretation of audience information obtained by observation, inferences, questionnaires, or interviews
Questionnaire A set of written questions developed to obtain demographic and attitudinal information
Microtargeting A method of bringing national issues down to the individual level
Attitude A predisposition to respond favorbaly or infavorably to a person, an object, an idea, or an event
Belief A conviction; often thought to be more enduring than an attitude and less enduring than a value
What are the 4 levels of audience analysis? Captive or Voluntary; Demographic; Audience & Interest; Attitudes, Beliefs and Values
What are the 3 methods of audience analysis? Questionnaire Observation Inference
Rough Draft The preliminary organization of the outline of a presentation
Outline A written plan that uses symbols, margins, and content to reveal the order, importance, and substance of presentation
Transition A bridge between sections of a presentation that helps the presenter move smoothly form one idea to another.
Bibliography A list of sources used in a presentation
Main Points The most important points in a presentation; indicated by Roman numerals in an outline
Parallel form The consisten use of complete sentences, clauses, phrases, or words in an outline
3 Ways to gain and maintain audience attention Show a video Wear a uniform or costume Short group activity or participation
Purpose of a thesis statement Introduce the topic and realize what the speech is about.
The largest part of the presentation, which contains the arguments, evidence, and main content, is called the ____. body
4 Different Patterns for Outlining a Speech Time-Sequence Cause/Effect Problem/Solution Topical-Sequence
Pronunciation The act of correctly articulating words
Articulation The production of sounds; a component of enunciation
Fluency The smoothness of delivery, the flow of words, and the absence of vocalized pauses
Enunciation The pronunciation and articulation of sounds and words
Eye contact The production of sounds; a component of enunciation
Facial Express Any nonverbal cues expressed by the speaker's face
4 Modes of Delivery Manuscript Memorized Impromptu Extemporaneous
4 Bodily Aspects of a Presentation Eye contact Hand gestures Movement Facial expressions
Visual Aide Video Powerpoint Handouts Computer graphics Yourself
Antonym Defines an idea by opposition
Synonym Defines by using a word close or similar in meaning to the one you are trying to define
Rhetorical Questions Questions asked for effect, with no answer expected
Imagery Use of words that appeal to the senses, which create pictures in the mind
Contrast Clarifies by showing differences
Narrating The oral presentation and interpretation of a story, a description, or an event; includes dramatic reading of prose or poetry
Five Skills of Presenting Defining Describing Demonstrating Narrating Explaining
Ethics A set of principles of right conduct
Boomerang Effect The audience likes you and your message less after your presentation that they did before
Rebuttal Arguing against someone else's position on an issue
Syllogism A logical sturcture that contains a major premise (a generalization) applied to a particular instance (a minor premise) that lease to a conclusion
Proof Evidence that the receiver believes
Argument A proposition that asserts some course of action
Difference between Evidence and Proof Evidence the information give to the audience. Proof is the evidence the audience receives as true.
Monroe's Motivated Sequence for Persuasive Speaking Gain Attention Establish Need Satisfaction Visualization Call to Action
Created by: 629790882