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Ch 16 Vocab Energy

Chapter 16 vocabulary

High energy compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms that are in all fossil fuels. Hydrocarbons
deposits of coal and other fossil fuels we know the location of and we can get to them Reserves
Another name for oil, which is a thick, black liquid fossil fuel Petroleum
A factory where crude oil (from the ground) is separated into other fuels and products by heating Refinery
Natural resources that are NOT replaced as they are used Eventually we will run out Non-renewable resources
Resources that are constantly being re-supplied Will not run out Renewable resources
Energy from the sun Solar energy
Electricity produced by moving air Wind Energy
Electricity produced by flowing water Hydroelectric power
Fuels made from things that were once alive Biomass fuels
Energy created using Earth’s heat to turn water to steam Geothermal energy
SPLITTING of the nucleus of atoms to create energy in nuclear power plants Nuclear fission
where the nuclear fission happens Reactor vessel
When fuel rods start to melt- causes explosion meltdown
Rods that absorb neutrons during fission to slow the chain reaction Control rods
Rods of uranium used for nuclear fission Fuel rods
A layer of material that helps block the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside of a building Insulation
Reducing the use of energy Energy conservation
JOINING of the nuclei of atoms that creates the energy in the sun and stars Nuclear fusion