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Grade 8 Ch E5 Vocab

Science Explorer Environmental Science Ch 5

Energy transformation A change from one form of energy to another; also called an energy conversion
Combustion The process of burning fuel
fossil fuel An energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) formed from the remains of organisms
hydrocarbon An energy-rich chemical compound that contains carbon and hydrogen atoms
petroleum Liquid fossil fuel
refinery A factory in which crude oil is heated and separated into fuels and other products
petrochemical A compound made from oil
solar energy Energy from the sun
hydroelectric power Electricity produced using the energy of flowing water
biomass fuel Fuel from living things
gasohol A mixture of gasoline and alcohol
geothermal energy Heat from Earth’s interior
nucleus The central core of an atom that contains protons and neutrons
nuclear fission The splitting of an atom’s nucleus into two smaller nuclei and neutrons
nuclear fusion The combining of two atomic nuclei to produce a single larger nucleus and much energy
energy conservation The practice of reducing energy use
Created by: DawnSimpson