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mod 10 test 4

absorption taking in nutrition from food and liquids
emesis vomiting
excretion elimination of waste through urine and stool
ingestion taking in food and liquid
peristalsis actions of the tubular muscles of the esophagus, stomach and intestines that move food substances from mouth to anus
what are the 3 main functions of the gastrointestinal system digestion, absorption and metabolism
what are conditions that affect the gastrointestinal system? heartburn, upset stomach, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastritis, constipation and occasional diarrehea
what OTC medications are used with antacids and why? simethicone (antiflatulance agent) due to the common occurrence of gas
what drugs should not be taken with antacids that have magnesium or aluminum and why? tetracycline and ciprofloxacin because they decrease the absorption of the antibiotic
S/S swish and swallow or swish and spit (common orders for nystatin oral suspension used for ulcers in the mouth or throat
what do H2 antagonist do? binds to H2 receptor sites, lowering acid secretion
what do all PPIs do? block gastric acid secretions in the stomach
what are 2 common symptoms which affect the intestinal tract? diarrhea and constipation
how do bulk forming agents work? absorb water from the body to increase the moisture and overall bulk of the stools, allowing for easier elimination
acidification conversion to acidic enviroment
congestive heart failure increased blood in the circulatory system due to inability of heart to pump efficiently
diuretic increase urine output
edema body tissues retain an excessive amount of tissue fluid
electrolyte charged elements call cations and anions
food and drinks are sent to the liver to metabolize.... then sent to the kidneys where filtration is carried out and important nutrients and chemicals are allowed to reenter the body system for cell use
urinary tract infection infection of the urinary tract caused by microorganisms
millions of people suffer from edema caused by congestive heart failure or hypertension
nosocomial infection most common condition that affects urinary system is UTI
dialysis is the only alternative when a person has lost kidney function or has end stage renal disease or a transplant is no longer an option
Tagamet cimetidine
Zantac ranitidine
Pepcid famotidine
Prilosec omeprazole
Prevacid lansoprazole
Protonix pantoprazole
Nexium esomeprazole
Lomotil diphenoxylate w/atropine
Imodium, Imodium AD loperamide
Pepto-Bismol bismuth subsalicylate
Metamucil psyllium
Colace docusate
Dulcolax bisacodyl
Senokot senna
Glycerin glycerin
Reglan metoclopramide
Tigan trimethobenzamide
Zofran ondansetron
Dramamine dimenhydrinate
Gas-X simethicone
Esidrix hydrochlorothiazide
Diuril chlorothiazide
Bumex bumetanide
Demadex torsemide
Lasix furosemide
Diamox acteazolamide
Gantanol sulfamethoxazole
Cipro ciprofloxacin
Floxin ofloxacin
Penetrex enoxacin
Macrodantin nitrofurantoin