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Nail Diseases & Dis.

Nail diseases and disorders

Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate Beau's lines
Condition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate, forming a dark purplish spot, usually due to injury bruised nails
Wavy ridges caused by uneven nail growth; usually result of illness or injury corrugations
Noticeably thin, white nail plate that is more flexible than normal eggshell nails
Depressions in the nail that run either lengthwise or across the nail; result from illness, injury, stress or pregnancy furrows
Condition in which the eponychium or other living tissue surrounding the nail plate becomes split or torn hangnail/agnail
Redness, pain, swelling, or pus; refer to a physician infected finger
Whitish discoloration of the nails, usually caused by injury to the matrix area; white spots leukonychia spots
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails; may be seen as a black band under or within the nail plate, extending from the base to the free edge melanonychia
Condition caused by an injury or disease of the nail unit nail disorder
Condition that affects the surface of the natural nail plate, causing it to appear rough and pitted, as well as causing reddish spots on the nail bed and onycholysis nail psoriasis
Abnormal conditions that occur when the skin is stretched by the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury or allergic reaction nail pterygium
Atrophy or wasting away of the nail; caused by injury or disease onychatrophia
Overgrowth in thickness of the nail; caused by local infection, internal imbalance, or may be hereditary onychauxis/hypertrophy
Inflammation of the nail matrix with shedding of the nail onychia
Ingrown nails onychocryptosis
Thickening and increased curvature of the nail onychogryposis
Loosening of the nail without shedding onycholysis
The separation and falling off of a nail from the nail bed; can occur on fingernails and toenails onychomadesis
Fungal infection of the natural nail plate onychomycosis
Bitten nails onychophagy
Growth of horny epithelium in the nail bed onychophosis
Periodic shedding of one or more nail onychoptosis
Split or brittle nails that also have a series of lengthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate onychorrhexis
Any deformity disease of the natural nails onychosis
Bacterial inflammation of the tissues around the nail; pus, thickening, and brownish discoloration of the nail plate paronychia
A type of highly curved nail plate often caused by injury to the matrix, but may be inherited; also called "folded nail" plicatured nail
One of several common bacteria that can cause nail infection Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Forward growth of the cuticle pterygium
Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate pyogenic granuloma
Vertical lines running the length of the natural nail plate, usually related to normal aging ridges
Increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate tile-shaped nails
Medical term for fungal infection of the feet tinea pedis
Reddened patches of small blisters; slight or severe itching tinea (ringworm)
Whitish patches on the nail that can be scraped off or long yellowish streaks within the nail substance tinea unguium
Edges of the nail plate curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or cone around the free edge trumpet/pincer nails
Created by: fjelstadka